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Home » Plant infomation

Zanthoxylum alatum  Roxb.

   

Botanical Name

:

Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb.

English Name

:

Winged Prickly Ash

Synonym(s)

:

Zanthoxylum armatum DC

Family

:

Rutaceae

 

General Info

Description

Armed, scandent or erect shrub or a small tree, 6 m. tall or more, bark is pale brown, deep-furrowed; leaves are imparipinnate or trifoliolate, 5-23 cm. long, often with flattened prickless: leaflets are up to 5 pairs, opposite, ovate to lanceolate, entire to glandular-crenate, acute to obtusely acuminate; flowers are green or yellow, in dense terminal, and occasionally axillary sparse panicles; follicles are generally reddish, sub-globose, glabrous; seeds are solitary in a fruit, globose, shining black.

Herb Effects

Anthelmintic and antibacterial (fruit’s essential oil); kills insects and toxic (to fish) (seed and bark); carminative (seed); carminative, stomachic and anthelmintic (bark, fruit, seed).

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Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Lignans (dried bark); linalyl and linalool (fruit’s essential oil); berberine, dictamnine, (bark); citral, geraniol, limonene, linalyl-acetate, sabinene (fruit); skimmianine, spilanthol (root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Berberine 633-65-8 Not Available C20H18NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Citral 96680-15-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Skimmianine 83-95-4 Not Available C14H13NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Dictamnine Not Available Not Available C12H9NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linalyl acetate 8022-85-3 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6
-dien-3-yl acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Sabinene 3387-41-5 4-methylidene-1-prop
an-2-yl-bicyclo[3.1.
0]hexane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Spilanthol 25394-57-4 N-butan-2-yldeca-2,4
,8-trienamide
C14H23NO Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Leucoderma, problems with the spleen, diseases of the eye and ear, asthma and tumors (fruit); for gastrointestinal disorders; in treating tumours, odontalgia, cephalagia, opthalmia, dyspepsia, colic, flatulence, helminthiasis, diarrhoea, hepatopathy, splenitis, strangury, fever, leucoderma, leprosy, skin diseases, cough, asthma, paralysis, gout, convulsions, diabetes, wounds, ulcers, stomatitis, pharyngitis, cardiac debility and general debility (bark and fruit)

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al. ,Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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