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Home » Plant infomation

Smilax zeylanica  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Smilax zeylanica L.

Synonym(s)

:

Smilax macrophylla Roxb., Smilax ovalifolia Roxb. Smilax wightii A. DC.

Family

:

Smilacaceae

 

General Info

Description

A large climber with slender, smooth or sparsely spiny, striate, quadrangular branches. Leaves alternate, 8 to 20 cm long and 4 to 12 cm wide, variable in shape, glabrous, shining, apex acuminate or cuspidate, base usually rounded; Flowers greenish-white, borne on stalked, many-flowered umbels, 1 to 3 together; pedicels of both male and female flowers arising from an aggregation of numerous minute bracts, flower segments 6, usually reflexed. Fruit (capsule) spherical, pea-sized, smooth, green turning red when ripe.

Herb Effects

Stimulates the cardiovascular system (aerial part)

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Diosgenin (root and leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Diosgenin 512-04-9 Not Available C27H42O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Rheumatism, spermatorrhoea, dysentery and in venereal diseases (root). A decoction of the bulbous roots is used to promote healing of sores, swellings and abscesses. In Ayurvedic practice, the roots are used to treat diseases of the nervous system and urinary disorders.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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