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Home » Plant infomation

Casearia sylvestris  Sw.

   

Botanical Name

:

Casearia sylvestris Sw.

English Name

:

Crackopen, Guacatonga

Synonym(s)

:

Samyda parviflora, Casearia parviflora, Anavinga samyda

Family

:

Flacourtiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A shrub or small tree usually 2 or 3 meters tall, but sometimes grows up to 10 meters. The plant has adapted for absorption and support by forming extensive lateral roots that are white, stiff, and covered with a corky bark. The tree produces small white, cream, or greenish flowers, which smell like a mixture of honey and urine, crowded on short stalks on the leaf axils. After flowering it produces small fruits, 3-4 mm in diameter, which split open to reveal three brown seeds covered with a red-to-orange aril.

Herb Effects

Antiseptic, antiviral, anticancerous, antitumorous, antiulcerous, antivenin, anti-inflammatory (plant)

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Lapachol, clerodane diterpenes, caprionic acid, casearia clerodane I thru VI, casearvestrin A thru C, hesperitin, lapachol, and vicenin.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Lapachol Not Available 4-hydroxy-3-(3-methy
lbut-2-enyl)naphthal
ene-1,2-dione
C15H14O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Hesperitin Not Available 5,7-dihydroxy-2-(3-h
ydroxy-4-methoxy-phe
nyl)chroman-4-one
C16H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For diarrhea, chest colds and flu (bark); to treat wounds and leprosy (roots or seeds);for skin diseases, to treat rheumatism, syphilis, herpes, stomach and skin ulcers, edema, fevers of all kinds, diarrhea, a topical pain-reliever and as an anti-ulcer drug (plant)

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