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Home » Plant infomation

Nepeta cataria  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Nepeta cataria L.

English Name

:

Cat Mint and Catnip

Synonym(s)

:

Cataria vulgaris Moench.

Family

:

Lamiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A hardy, upright, perennial herb with sturdy stems bearing hairy, heart-shaped, grayish-green leaves. The flowers are white or lilac, 0.25 inch long, and occur in several clusters toward the tips of the branches. The calyx is dry, striate, tubular, obliquely 5-toothed. The corolla is naked and dilated in the throat, 2-lipped, twice the length of the calyx; upper lip rather concave, erect, notched, or 2-cleft; lower spreading, 3-cleft, middle lobe largest and crenate. The stamens are 4, ascending under the upper lip; anthers approximate in pairs, the cells divergent.

Herb Effects

Repels insects and attracts cats (flower); antispasmodic, antitussive, astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, slightly emmenagogue, refrigerant, sedative, slightly stimulant, stomachic and tonic (leaf and flower).

Links

Nepeta cataria L.
King's American Dispensatory
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-humulene, beta-elemene, camphor, carvacrol, caryophyllene, caryophyllene-oxide, cis-ocimene, citral, citronellal, geraniol, myrcene, nerol, piperitone, pulegone, rosmarinic acid, thymol (plant); nepetalactone (flower); nepatol and nepetalic acid (essential oil); linoleic acid, oleic acid (seed oil).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Alpha-humulene 6753-98-6 2,6,6,9-tetramethylc
ycloundeca-1,4,8-tri
ene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-elemene 33880-83-0 1-ethenyl-1-methyl-2
,4-diprop-1-en-2-yl-
cyclohexane
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphor 8022-77-3 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Carvacrol 499-75-2 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-phenol
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene 87-44-5 4,11,11-trimethyl-8-
methylidene-bicyclo[
7.2.0]undec-4-ene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene oxide 32095-03-7 Not Available C15H24O Click Here To Enlarge
Citral 96680-15-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Citronellal 26489-02-1 3,7-dimethyloct-6-en
al
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Nerol 106-24-1 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Piperitone Not Available 3-methyl-6-propan-2-
yl-cyclohex-2-en-1-o
ne
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Pulegone 3285-04-9 5-methyl-2-propan-2-
ylidene-cyclohexan-1
-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Rosmarinic acid 537-15-5 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-2-[3-(3,4-dihydr
oxyphenyl)prop-2-eno
yloxy]prop anoic
acid
C18H16O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Thymol 89-83-8 5-methyl-2-propan-2-
yl-phenol
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Nepetalactone 490-10-8 5,9-dimethyl-3-oxabi
cyclo[4.3.0]non-4-en
-2-one
C10H14O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Nepetalic acid Not Available (1R,5R)-2-methyl-5-(
1-oxopropan-2-yl)cyc
lopentane-1-carboxyl
ic acid
C10H16O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In hysteria, amenorrhea, chlorosis and toothache, for colds, flus, fevers, infectious childhood diseases, to prevent miscarriage and premature birth as well as allays morning sickness (plant); in toothache (leaves)

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


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