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Home » Plant infomation

Glycine max  Merrill

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Glycine max Merrill

English Name

:

Soybean

Synonym(s)

:

Glycine soja Sieb. & Zucc.; Glycine hispida Maxim.; Soja max Piper

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual with erect or climbing stem, reaching a height of 1½-6 ft., densely clothed with hairs; leaves trifoliolate, ovate-lanceolate, long-petioled; flowers small, inconspicuous, borne on short axillary racemes, white or purple to reddish purple, normally self-pollinated; pods 1½-2 in. long in clusters of 3-5, densely hairy, sub-torulose, containing 2-4 seeds: seeds elliptical with long hilum, compressed, yellow, chocolate or black.

Herb Effects

Lowers blood cholesterol and blood sugar (plant); astringent (root decoction); constructive, laxative and resolvent (seed sprout)

Links

Glycine max (L.) Merr.
Drug Digest
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

(+)-Catechin, gallic acid, naringenin, quercitrin (leaf); acetic acid, adenine, beta-sitosterol, caffeic acid, coumestrol, lupeol (seed); adenosine, alpha-amyrin (sprout seedling); ascorbic acid, beta-carotene (fruit) Galactomannans (soybean hull); genistin (root); ferulic acid, kaempferol, quercetin, sapogenins and saponins (plant); rutin (shoot)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
(+)-Catechin 5323-80-8 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,5,7-tri
ol
C15H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Naringenin Not Available 5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chroma
n-4-one
C15H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercitrin 6151-25-3 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-oxa n-2-yl)o
xy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Adenine 5426-35-7 7H-purin-6-amine C5H5N5 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Coumestrol Not Available Not Available C15H8O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Adenosine Not Available 2-(6-aminopurin-9-yl
)-5-(hydroxymethyl)o
xolane-3,4-diol
C10H13N5O4 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a -tetrade
cahydro-1H-picen-3-o
l
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Genistein 446-72-0 4,5-dihydroxy-3-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In the treatment of colds, fevers and headaches, insomnia, irritability and a stuffy sensation in the chest; to snakebite (bruised leaf); blindness and opacity of the cornea (flowers); oedema, dysuria, chest fullness, decreased perspiration, the initial stages of flu and arthralgia (sprouts)

Contraindication

The raw mature seed is toxic and must be thoroughly cooked before being eaten.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


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