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Home » Plant infomation

Euphorbia tirucalli  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Euphorbia tirucalli L.

English Name

:

Milk Bush

Family

:

Euphorbiaceae

 

General Info

Description

Erect tree, 3 to 6 m high, branches thin, cylindrical, spreading, scattered, clustered, whorled, latex extraordinarily abundant, sticky and acrid; leaves alternate, linear, caducous, petioles modified to phylloclade; involucres clustered in the forks of branches, inconspicuous, flowers shortly pedicelled, bracteoles numerous; cocci dark brown, velvety, compressed; seeds ovoid, smooth.

Herb Effects

Its stem-extract has antifungal properties and the aerial parts are antiprotozoal. Emetic, laxative, rubefacient, anticancer and astringent (plant); stimulates the central nervous system. hypothermic and antiprotozoal (aerial part).

Links

Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Floridata
PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-sitosterol, ellagic acid, hentriacontanol, hentriacontane (stem); citric acid, mallic acid, methyl-ellagic acid, sitosterol, triucallol, taraxerone (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ellagic acid Not Available Not Available C14H6O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Hentriacontane 630-04-6 hentriacontane C31H64 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Taraxerone Not Available 4,4,6a,6a,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-2,4,4a
,5,6,6a,6a,8,8a,9,10
,11,12,12a ,13,14,1
4a,14b-octadecahydro
-1H-picen-3-one
C30H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In cancer (plant). The local medicinal practices employ its parts for dealing with body pain, eczema, scabies, rheumatism, earache, oedema, deranged phlegm, epistaxis, deranged bile, constipation and dyscrasia.

Contraindication

All parts of Euphorbia tirucalli ooze a milky sap when damaged or cut. Contact with this sap may cause dermatitis in some people, and in the eyes the sap can cause temporary blindness which may last for several days.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Sugiura M. Imai S. Sakurada K. Miyazaki T. Osato T. Cryptic dysfunction of cellular immunity in asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) carriers.

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