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Home » Plant infomation

Enicostema axillare  (LAM.) RAYNAL

   

Botanical Name

:

Enicostema axillare (LAM.) RAYNAL

English Name

:

Indian Gentian

Synonym(s)

:

Adenema hyssopifolia G. Don., Cicendia hyssopifolia Wight & Arn., Enicostema verticillare Baill., Enicostema littorale auct. non Blume, Exacum hyssopifolium Willd., Gentiana axillare Lam., Gentiana verticillata L., Slevogtia orientalis Griseb.

Family

:

Gentianaceae

 

General Info

Description

A glabrous perennial herb 10 to 50 cm high with ribbed, quadrangular stems; younger parts glacous green; rootstock stout. Leaves opposite, decussate, sessile, linear to elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, 3.2 to 6.3 cm long and 0.3 to 1.6 cm wide, apex obtuse or acute, tapering at base, 3-nerved. Flowers white or bluish, sessile in whorled axillary clusters; calyx 3 mm long, lobes 1.5 mm long, ovate-oblong, obtuse, with narrow membranous margins. Fruit (capsule) ovoid to subglobose, 3 to 4 mm long and 3 mm in diameter, faintly grooved on 2 opposite sides; seeds subglobose to rhomboid, 0.5 mm long, reticulate.

Herb Effects

The plant is pungent and very bitter; anthelmintic. It is also considered to have tonic, stomachic and laxative properties, stimulates the heart; antipsychotic and antiinflammatory (plant); carminative.

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Erythrocentaurins, enicoflavin, gentianine, gentiocrucine, genkwanin and apigenin (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Gentianine 439-89-4 10-ethenyl-8-oxa-4-a
zabicyclo[4.4.0]deca
-2,4,11-trien-7-one
C10H9NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Genkwanin 437-64-9 4-hydroxy-2-(4-hydro
xyphenyl)-7-methoxy-
chromen-5-one
C16H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Snakebite and fever (plant decoction); as a carminative, a restorative agent and in diabetes. The crushed plant mixed with water is used as a restorative. The whole plant, dried, powdered and mixed with honey, is used as a blood-purifier and to relieve dropsy, rheumatism, abdominal ulcers, hernia, swellings, itches, insect poisoning and to expel worms.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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