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Home » Plant infomation

Convolvulus arvensis  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Convolvulus arvensis L.

English Name

:

Small Bindweed

Family

:

Convolvulaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a perennial and has a long period of blooming. The leaves are arrow-shaped in form, and the lobes at the base more elongated, placed singly along the stem at very regular intervals. From the axils of the leaves - the points at which their stalks join the main stem-spring the flower-stalks, one to each leaf all up the stem. These flower-stalks often fork into two smaller ones, each bearing a bud. One of these lesser stalks is almost invariably smaller than the other, bearing a bud in an earlier stage of development, so that although the buds occur in pairs on the flower-stem, the flowers never expand at the same time, but always appear singly. At the junction of the flower-stalk and the main stem are a pair of very small scale-like bracts. The flowers have trumpet-shaped corollas which vary a great deal in colour. On the underside are five dark pink rays. In the bud the petals are folded into five pleats, the outermost part of the fold being these deep pink rays. At the bottom of the flower are what appear to be the mouths of five tubes, or pipes, running downwards, the tubes being formed by the flattened filaments of the stamens being joined to the corolla tube and yet projecting ridge-like into the flower. These tubes lead to the nectar which is contained in five small sacs, one at the base of each tube.

Herb Effects

The root, and a resin made from the root, is cholagogue, diuretic, laxative and strongly purgative. Anticonvulsive (EtOH plant extract); nicotinic (plant extract); induces gastrointestinal irritation (thus, it is considered toxic).

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-methyl-esculetin, n-alkanols, n-alkanes, sterols and alpha-amyrin (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
alpha-Amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a -tetrade
cahydro-1H-picen-3-o
l
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In the treatment of fevers and wounds. A cold tea made from the leaves is laxative and is also used as a wash for spider bites or taken internally to reduce excessive menstrual flow.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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