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Home » Plant infomation

Castanea sativa  Mill.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Castanea sativa Mill.

English Name

:

Sweet Chestnut

Synonym(s)

:

Castanea vulgaris Linn., Castanea vesca Gaertn., Fagus castanea L.

Family

:

Fagaceae

 

General Info

Description

An exotic ornamental tree, up to 15 m in height and 90-120 cm in girth. Bark ashy grey, longitudinally furrowed; leaves elliptic- lanceolate, coriaceous, cuspidate, sharply serrate, 10-25 cm long; flowers green, strongly scented, in yellow catkins; nuts brown, 25 mm in diam, ovoid, enclosed in a prickly involucre, 1-3 seeded.

Herb Effects

Antispasmodic and antiviral (stem bark); astringent, anti-inflammatory, expectorant and tonic (leaf and bark).

Links

Plants for a Future
Floridata

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Kaempferol, myricetol, quercetol, rutoside, myricitroside, quercitroside, quercetin, hexen-2-al-1, lecithins, caffeic, ellagic, p -coumaric, dehydrodigallic, quinic, shikimic and ursolic acids, lupeol and betulin (leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Myricetol 529-44-2 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
3,4,5-trihydroxyphen
yl)-chromen-7-one
C15H10O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetol 74893-81-5 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutoside 56764-99-9 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-oxan-2-yl)
oxymethyl]oxan-2-yl]
oxy-chromen-7-one
C27H30O16 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Ellagic acid Not Available Not Available C14H6O8 Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Shikimic acid 138-59-0 3,4,5-trihydroxycycl
ohexene-1-carboxylic
acid
C7H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As an astringent and in whooping cough (leaf and bark); for fevers and diseases of the respiratory track, rheumatism, to ease lower back pains and to relieve stiff muscles and joints (leaves)

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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