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Home » Plant infomation

Capparis spinosa  Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Capparis spinosa Linn.

English Name

:

Caper and Caper Bush

Synonym(s)

:

Capparis rupestris, Capparis ovata Desf.

Family

:

Capparaceae

 

General Info

Description

A prostrate, glabrescent, polymorphic shrub or climber armed with divaricate light yellow thorns. Leaves variable in texture, orbicular to elliptic, base rounded, apex mucronate; flowers white, solitary, axillary; berry ellipsoid, ovoid or obovoid, pericarp thin; seeds 3-4 mm in diam.

Herb Effects

Analgesic, bitter, antirheumatic and diuretic (root bark); antibacterial, fungicidal and anticystic (plant juice and volatile portion of plant); anthelmintic (root); mild laxative and expectorant; acrid and astringent (dried flower bud)

Links

Caper
Capers
Plants for a Future
Herbal Monograph

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Stachydrine (root bark and leaf); rutic acid and a volatile substance (root bark); beta-sitosterol, citric acid, coumarin, glucoiberin, glucosinolates, lauric acid, sinigrin, glucocapparin, glucocleomin, glucocapangalin, myristic acid, oxalic acid, rutin, tannin (plant); ascorbic acid, linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, queretin, riboflavin, rutin, thiamin (flower); choline (fruit)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Stachydrine Not Available 1,1-dimethyl-2,3,4,5
-tetrahydropyrrole-2
-carboxylate
C7H13NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Glucoiberin 554-88-1 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
hydroxymethyl)-6-(4-
methylsulfinyl-1-sul
fonatooxyi mino-but
yl)sulfanyl-oxane
C11H20NO10S3- Click Here To Enlarge
Sinigrin 534-69-0 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
hydroxymethyl)-6-(1-
sulfooxyiminobut-3-e
nylsulfany l)oxane
C10H17NO9S2 Click Here To Enlarge
Glucocapparin 497-77-8 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
hydroxymethyl)-6-(1-
sulfonatooxyiminoeth
ylsulfanyl )oxane
C8H14NO9S2- Click Here To Enlarge
Glucocleomin 36286-64-3 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
hydroxymethyl)-6-(3-
hydroxy-3-methyl-1-s
ulfonatoox yimino-p
entyl)sulfanyl-oxane
C12H22NO10S2- Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Coumarin 60094-90-8 6-(1,2-dihydroxy-3-m
ethyl-but-3-enyl)-7-
methoxy-chromen-2-on
e
C15H16O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Lauric acid 8045-27-0 Dodecanoic acid C12H24O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Sinigrin 534-69-0 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
hydroxymethyl)-6-(1-
sulfooxyiminobut-3-e
nylsulfany l)oxane
C10H17NO9S2 Click Here To Enlarge
Myristic Acid Not Available Hexane C6H14 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxalic acid 553-91-3 oxalic acid C2H2O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Spleen, kidney and liver maladies (root); gastrointestinal infections, diarrhoea, gout, rheumatism, skin conditions, capillary weakness and easy bruising; coughs, and externally to treat eye infections and in preventing the formation of cataracts (unopened flower buds); to treat vaginal thrush (plant decoction).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

Gadgoli C. Mishra SH. Antihepatotoxic activity of p-methoxy benzoic acid from Capparis spinosa.

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