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Home » Plant infomation

Caltha palustris  Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Caltha palustris Linn.

English Name

:

Marsh Marigold

Synonym(s)

:

Trollius paluster Krause

Family

:

Ranunculaceae

 

General Info

Description

A highly variable polymorphic aquatic herb. Rhizomes 2-3 cm thick, fibrous, branched; radical leaves reniform, 5-10 cm across, long-petioled, covered by a membranous sheath; cauline leaves reniform-deltoid, obtuse-dentate or crenate-dentate, apically crenate or entire; flowers single or in few-flowered inflorescences, sepals petal-like, yellow, white or magenta-pink; follicles flattened, oblong, 8-20 mm long, gradually or abruptly beaked, 7-20 seeded; seeds black, lustrous, evenly ovoid.

Herb Effects

Antiinflammatory (leaf and root); stimulates the central nervous and cardiovascular systems, spermicidal, anodyne, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant and rubefacient (plant); diaphoretic, emetic and expectorant(root).

Links

Caltha palustris
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Caltha palustris L. - Marsh Marigold
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Carotenoids, 3'-epilutein and 3'-O-didehydrolutein (flower); triterpinoid glycosides, calthaxanthin and magnoflorine (root); coumarins (plant); vitamin C (leaves); a- and ß-carotene, xanthophyll, xanthophyllepoxide and trollixanthin (flower buds).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Magnoflorine 6681-18-1 Not Available C20H24NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Coumarin 60094-90-8 6-(1,2-dihydroxy-3-m
ethyl-but-3-enyl)-7-
methoxy-chromen-2-on
e
C15H16O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Vitamin C 89924-69-6 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Xanthophyll 34445-91-5 4-[18-(4-hydroxy-2,6
,6-trimethyl-1-cyclo
hexenyl)-3,7,12,16-t
etramethyl -octadec
a-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15
,17-nonaenyl]-3,5,5-
trimethyl-cyclohex-2
-e n-1-ol
C40H56O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To remove warts and is also used in the treatment of fits and anaemia (plant); used in the treatment of high blood cholesterol and rheumatism (root).

Contraindication

In the mature stages, poisonous to human beings and livestock. It causes diarrhoea when eaten in large quantities and is occasionally fatal. It also affects the quality and quantity of milk when fed to milch cattle. The plant has an acrid juice which is liable to cause inflammation and blistering if it comes in contact with the skin.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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