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Home » Plant infomation

Basella alba  Linn.

   

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Botanical Name

:

Basella alba Linn.

English Name

:

Indian Spinach

Synonym(s)

:

Basella rubra L., Basella cordifolia Lam.

Family

:

Basellaceae

 

General Info

Description

A perennial, creeping or climbing herb, 2-10 m long. Stems angular, green, glabrous, multibranched, fleshy or thin; leaves entire, broad-ovate to cordate or orbicular, 5-18 cm in diam, glossy, succulent; flowers in lax, axillary, peduncled spikes with white to green fleshy perianth; utricles depressed-globose, shallowly lobed, 4-7 mm x 5-10 mm, white or greenish white, turning dark violet or black, contianing a violet juice.

Herb Effects

Inhibits vomiting (root decoction) and antiviral (plant); antidote, aperient, astringent, demulcent, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacient.

Links

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plants for a Future
The Herb Society of America
PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Provitamin A and alpha and beta-carotene, lutein, violaxanthin and tunaxanthin (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Lutein 34445-91-5 4-[18-(4-hydroxy-2,6
,6-trimethyl-1-cyclo
hexenyl)-3,7,12,16-t
etramethyl -octadec
a-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15
,17-nonaenyl]-3,5,5-
trimethyl-cyclohex-2
-e n-1-ol
C40H56O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Violaxanthin 126-29-4 6-[18-(3-hydroxy-1,5
,5-trimethyl-7-oxabi
cyclo[4.1.0]hept-6-y
l)-3,7,12, 16-tetra
methyl-octadeca-1,3,
5,7,9,11,13,15,17-no
naenyl]-1,5,5-trimet
hy l-7-oxabicyclo[4
.1.0]heptan-3-ol
C40H56O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Provitamin A 53637-36-8 3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,
6-trimethyl-1-cycloh
exenyl)-nona-2,4,6,8
-tetraen-1 -ol
C20H30O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a poultice for swellings (root); for constipation, especially for children and pregnant women (leaf juice).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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