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Home » Plant infomation

Agave americana  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Agave americana Linn.

English Name

:

Century plant, Maguey, American Aloe

Synonym(s)

:

Agave cantula, Agave cantala

Family

:

Agavaceae

 

General Info

Description

Herb, has no stem. Its thick and massive gray-green leaves originate from a basal rosette. The leaves get up to 6' long and 10" wide, and have sharp spines on the margins and tips. The flower stalk is branched, 20-40' tall, and bears large (3-4") yellow-green flowers.

Herb Effects

Diuretic (root); anticancer, laxative, emmenagogue and piscicidial (leaf); diaphoretic, dropsy, venereal sores, dysentery.

Links

Floridata
University of Florida
PIER
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Chlorogenin, kaempferol-3-glucoside and kaempferol-3-rutinoside (flower); agavasaponins (leaf); oxalic acid, tigogenin, xylose (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Chlorogenin 562-34-5 Not Available C27H44O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol-3-glucoside Not Available 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-3-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-(hyd
roxymethyl )oxan-2-
yl]oxy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol-3-rutinoside 17353-03-6 7-[4,5-dihydroxy-6-(
hydroxymethyl)-3-(3,
4,5-trihydroxy-6-met
hyl-oxan-2 -yl)oxy-
oxan-2-yl]oxy-3,4-di
hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-chromen-5-on
e
C27H30O15 Click Here To Enlarge
Tigogenin 82597-74-8 Not Available C27H44O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxalic acid 553-91-3 Oxalic acid C2H2O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Xylose 25990-60-7 Oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol C5H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Syphilis, scrofula, to bruises, cancer, for indigestion, flatulence, constipation, jaundice, dysentery and gonorrhea (leaf juice); for toothache (gum from root and leaf).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Peana AT. Moretti MD. Manconi V. Desole G. Pippia P. Anti-inflammatory activity of aqueous extracts and steroidal sapogenins of Agave americana. Planta Med 1997 Jun;63(3):199-202.

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