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Home » Plant infomation

Argemone mexicana  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Argemone mexicana L.

English Name

:

Mexican Poppy

Synonym(s)

:

Argemone ochroleuca (Sweet.)

Family

:

Papaveraceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a prickly, glabrous, branching herb with yellow juice and showy yellow flowers. The height of this plant varies between 0.3 to 0.12 meters, Leaves are thistle like. Stem clasping, Oblong, sinuately pinnatifid, spinous and viens are white. Flowers are terminal, yellow and of 2.5-5.0 cm diameter. Fruits are capsule. Prickly and oblong ovoid. Seeds numerous, globose, netted and brownish black.

Herb Effects

Alterative, analgesic, antispasmodic, antitussive, demulcent, emetic, expectorant, hallucinogenic, purgative, sedative, stimulates cardiovascular system and respiration (root, stem and leaf extract); antiviral (plant).

Links

PIER
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Protopine and berberine (root, stem and leaf), ceryl alcohol and beta-sitosterol (leaf and stem), iso-rhamnetin and its glucosides (flower); codeine, morphine, protopine, tannin (plant); chelerythrine (root); linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, sanguinarine (seed)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Protopine 130-86-9 Not Available C20H19NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Berberine 633-65-8 Not Available C20H18NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Ceryl alcohol 506-52-5 hexacosan-1-ol C26H54O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Isorhamnetin 480-19-3 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
phenyl)-chromen-7-on
e
C16H12O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Codeine 6059-47-8 Not Available C18H23NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Morphine 23552-18-3 N,N-diethyl-N'-(2-me
thoxyacridin-9-yl)pe
ntane-1,4-diamine
C23H31N3O Click Here To Enlarge
Chelerythrine 34316-15-9 Not Available C21H18NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Sanguinarine 5578-73-4 Not Available C20H14NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used in the treatment of warts, cold sores, cutaneous affections, skin diseases, itches, dropsy, jaundice (latex); snakebite antidote (seed); eye diseases.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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