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Home » Plant infomation

Amorphophallus campanulatus  Blume ex Decne

   

Botanical Name

:

Amorphophallus campanulatus Blume ex Decne

English Name

:

Elephant Foot Yam

Synonym(s)

:

Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.)Nicolson., Dracontium paeoniifolium Dennst.

Family

:

Araceae

 

General Info

Description

A tuberous, stout, indigenous herb, 1.0-1.5 m in height. Tubers depressed, globose or hemispherical, 20-30 cm in diam, dark brown outside, pale dull brown inside or sometimes almost white, with numerous, long terete roots; leaves solitary, ripartite, 30-90 cm broad or even more, appearing long after the flowers: petioles 60-90 cm long, stout, warted, dark green and mottled with paler blotches; segments 5-18 cm long 2.5-9.0 cm broad, obovate or oblong, acute, sessile; peduncle short, stout, elongating in fruit; spathe 15-30 cm broad, bell shaped, with recurved undulate and crisped margins, greenish pink externally or pinkish purple; spadix sessile, columnar, as long as the spathe, appendage usually longer than the spathe, cream-coloured, smooth; flowers unisexual: male inflorescence sub-turbinate, male flowers pale yellow, densely crowded; female inflorescence cylindric, styles purple; berries clustered, obovoid, red, 2-3 seeded, 8-12 mm long.

Herb Effects

Oxytocic (plant); aperient,carminative and expectorant; the fresh ones are an acrid stimulant and expectorant, and increase appetite and taste (corns); restorative, stomachic, tonic.

Links

Plants for a Future
Philiphine Medicinal Plants

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Amylase, betulinic acid, beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, leupeol, triacontane and amino acids (corm); ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin (root)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Triacontane 638-68-6 triacontane C30H62 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Asthma, dysentery and hemorrhoids (corm decoction); to treat acute rheumatism.

Contraindication

People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones and hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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