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Home » Plant infomation

Brassica campestris  Linn.

   

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Botanical Name

:

Brassica campestris Linn.

English Name

:

Turnip, Celery cabbage, Chinese white cabbage, Peking cabbage

Synonym(s)

:

Brassica rapa Linn. , Brassica rapa campestris L, Brassica rapa silvestris (Lam.)Janch.

Family

:

Brassicaceae

 

General Info

Description

A much-branched, very variable, annual or biennial herb, up to 1.5 m in height. Taproot fusiform or tuberous; basal leaves lyrate-pinnatifid, lobes decreasing in size towards petiole, glaucous, glabrous, with a few bristly hairs, especially along the veins; lower cauline leaves several lobed, upper cauline leaves sessile, amplexicaul, oblong-lanceolate, sharply dentate; flowers yelow; siliqua, 50-100 mm x 2.5-4.0 mm, attenuating into a long slender beak 5-30 mm long; seeds mucilaginous or non-mucilaginous.

Herb Effects

Antiscorbutic.

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Plants for a Future
Brassica rapa L.

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, ascorbic acid, erucic, linoleic, and linolenic acids.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamine 67-03-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Erucic acid 1072-39-5 docos-13-enoic acid C22H42O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For cancer (seed, stem and leaves); breast cancer, scurvy (root).

Reference

Hartwell, J.L. 1967–1971. Plants used against cancer. A survey. Lloydia 30–34.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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