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Home » Plant infomation

Embelia ribes  BURM.F.

   

Botanical Name

:

Embelia ribes BURM.F.

English Name

:

False or Black False Pepper

Synonym(s)

:

Embelia glandulifera Wight, Samara ribes Kurz

Family

:

Myrsinaceae

 

General Info

Description

A straggling shrub, almost a climber. The plant possesses petiolate leaves and has small, whity-pink flowers in racemes at ends of the branches. The berries (the drug) are minute, round, spherical fruits (not unlike peppercorns) and vary in colour from red to black - those of E. ribes have ovate, lanceolate smooth leaves and warty fruits. The reddish seed, enclosed in a brittle pericarp, is covered by a thin membrane; when this is taken off, the seed is seen covered with light spots which disappear after immersion in water. The seed is horny, depressed at the base and has a ruminated endosperm. Taste, aromatic and astringent, with a slight pungency, owing to a resinous substance present in them.

Herb Effects

Fights diarrhea (root), spermicidal, stimulates uterine contractions and diuretic (seed), contraceptive, astringent, stimulant, anthelmintic (kills Ascaris lumbricoides), antibacterial and carminative (fruit)alterative, stimulant.

Links

Herbal Monograph
Embelia ribes

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Repanone, embelin, homoembelin, homorapanone and vilangin (fruit), quercitol, fats, christembine, a resinoid, tannins and a small amount of volatile oil.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Embelin 550-24-3 2,5-dihydroxy-3-unde
cyl-cyclohexa-2,5-di
ene-1,4-dione
C17H26O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Vilangin 90559-55-0 1-ethoxy-2-nitroso-3
-pyrimidin-4-yl-prop
-1-en-1-ol
C9H11N3O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Snakebite antidote, skin and chest diseases and fever (dried fruit decoction), for diarrhea (root); to expel tape worms (seeds).

Contraindication

Due to the strength of its active properties, using Vidanga past 3 months can eventually cause infertility. Safety in pregnant or nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney diseases is not known.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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