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Home » Plant infomation

Quillaja saponaria  Molina

   

Botanical Name

:

Quillaja saponaria Molina

English Name

:

Soapbark, Soap bark tree, Murillo's-bark, Panama bark, Soapbush, Quillaia, Killaya

Family

:

Quillajaceae

 

General Info

Description

An evergreen tree that can grow to 15-20 m in height. The tree has thick, dark bark, smooth, leathery, shiny, oval evergreen leaves 3-5 cm long, white flowers 15 mm diameter borne in dense corymbs, and a dry fruit with five follicles each containing 10-20 seeds.

Herb Effects

Antiexudative, antiinflammatory, cardiodepressant, depurative, detergent, expectorant, hemolytic, hepatotoxic, hypocholesterolemic, immunostimulant, laxative, lipolytic, respiradepressant, spermicide and sternutator (bark).

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Calcium oxalate, glucuronic acid, quillaic acid, saponins and tannin (bark)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Calcium oxalate 5794-28-5 calcium oxalate C2CaO4
Glucuronic acid 87246-82-0 (2S,3S,4S,5R)-2,3,4,
5-tetrahydroxy-6-oxo
-hexanoic acid
C6H10O7
Quillaic acid Not Available (4aR,6aS,6aS,6bR,8aR
,10S,12aR,14bR)-9-fo
rmyl-5,10-dihydroxy-
2,2,6a,6b, 9,12a-he
xamethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6
a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13
,14b-tetradecahydrop
ic ene-4a-carboxyli
c acid
C30H46O5
Saponin 8047-15-2 Not Available Not Available
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The bark is used for treating alopecia, athlete’s foot, bronchosis, constipation, coughs, dandruff, dermatosis, high cholesterol, immunodepression, vaginosis, seborrhea, sores, ulcers and eruptions. The herb is useful for treating any condition featuring congested catarrh within the chest, but it should not be used for dry irritable coughs.

Reference

James A Duke and Maryl Fulton. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - 2nd Edition, P: 680, CRC Press July 2002.

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