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Home » Plant infomation

Taraxacum mongolicum  Hand.-Mazz.

   

Botanical Name

:

Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz.

English Name

:

Mongolian dandelion

Synonym(s)

:

Taraxacum argute-denticulatum Nakai & H. Koidzumi, Taraxacum formosanum Kitamura, Taraxacum hangzhouense H. Koidzumi, Taraxacum hondae Nakai & H. Koidzumi, Taraxacum huhhoticum Z. Xi & H. C. Fu, Taraxacum kansuense Nakai ex H. Koidzumi, Taraxacum liaotungense Kitagawa, Taraxacum pseudodissectum Nakai & H. Koidzumi.

Family

:

Asteraceae

 

General Info

Description

A perennial plant growing to 0.2m. Root cylindric, stout. Petiole green or reddish, dentate-winged; leaf blade oblanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 4-20 X 1-5 cm, margin pinnatifid to pinnatipartite; lateral lobes 4 or 5 on each side, triangular to linear, margin entire or irregularly dentate; interlobe margins dentate; terminal lobe apex acute to obtuse. Scapes 1 to many, green or reddish, equalling or slightly exceeding leaves, densely arachnoid below capitulum. Capitulum ca. 3-4 cm in diam. Involucre pale green, 1.2-1.4 cm; involucral bracts in 2 or 3 rows; outer bracts ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 8-10 X 1-2 mm, erect or patent, sometimes recurved, margin wide and membranous, apical corniculate appendage distinct and often suffused red at apex; inner bracts linear lanceolate, 10-16 X 2-3 mm, apex corniculate. Ligules yellow with a purple stripe. Stigmas and style blackish. Achene brown; body ovoid, ca. 4 mm, tuberculate throughout, apically spiculate, apex gradually narrowing into a conic ca. 1 mm cone; beak 6-8.5 mm. Pappus white, 6-6.5 mm.

Herb Effects

Antibacterial, cholagogue, decongestant, depurative, diuretic, febrifuge, galactogogue, laxative and stomachic (plant); anticancer (stem)

Links

Plants For A Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Choline, inulin, taraxasterol (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Inulin 9005-80-5 2-[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2
-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2
-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2
-[[2-[[2-[ [2-[[2-[
[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[
[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[
[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[[2-[
[2 -[[2-[[3,4-dihyd
roxy-2,5-bis(hydroxy
methyl)oxolan-2-yl]o
xymethyl]-3,4- dihy
droxy-5-(hydroxymeth
yl)oxolan-2-yl]oxyme
thyl]-3,4-dihydroxy-
5-(hyd roxymethyl)o
xolan-2-yl]oxymethyl
]-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(h
ydroxymethyl)oxola
n-2-yl]oxymethyl]-3,
4-dihydroxy-5-(hydro
xymethyl)oxolan-2-yl
]oxymethyl ]-3,4-di
hydroxy-5-(hydroxyme
thyl)oxolan-2-yl]oxy
methyl]-3,4-dihydrox
y- 5-(hydroxymethyl
)oxolan-2-yl]oxymeth
yl]-3,4-dihydroxy-5-
(hydroxymethyl )oxo
lan-2-yl]oxymethyl]-
3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hyd
roxymethyl)oxolan-2-
yl]oxy methyl]-3,4-
dihydroxy-5-(hydroxy
methyl)oxolan-2-yl]o
xymethyl]-3,4-dihy
droxy-5-(hydroxymeth
yl)oxolan-2-yl]oxyme
thyl]-3,4-dihydroxy-
5-(hydroxy methyl)o
xolan-2-yl]oxymethyl
]-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(h
ydroxymethyl)oxolan-
2- yl]oxymethyl]-3,
4-dihydroxy-5-(hydro
xymethyl)oxolan-2-yl
]oxymethyl]-3, 4-di
hydroxy-5-(hydroxyme
thyl)oxolan-2-yl]oxy
methyl]-3,4-dihydrox
y-5-(h ydroxymethyl
)oxolan-2-yl]oxymeth
yl]-3,4-dihydroxy-5-
(hydroxymethyl)oxo
lan-2-yl]oxymethyl]-
3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hyd
roxymethyl)oxolan-2-
yl]oxymeth yl]-3,4-
dihydroxy-5-(hydroxy
methyl)oxolan-2-yl]o
xymethyl]-3,4-dihydr
ox y-5-(hydroxymeth
yl)oxolan-2-yl]oxyme
thyl]-3,4-dihydroxy-
5-(hydroxymeth yl)o
xolan-2-yl]oxymethyl
]-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(h
ydroxymethyl)oxolan-
2-yl]o xymethyl]-3,
4-dihydroxy-5-(hydro
xymethyl)oxolan-2-yl
]oxymethyl]-3,4-di
hydroxy-5-(hydroxyme
thyl)oxolan-2-yl]oxy
methyl]-3,4-dihydrox
y-5-(hydro xymethyl
)oxolan-2-yl]oxymeth
yl]-3,4-dihydroxy-5-
(hydroxymethyl)oxola
n- 2-yl]oxymethyl]-
3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hyd
roxymethyl)oxolan-2-
yl]oxymethyl]- 3,4-
dihydroxy-5-(hydroxy
methyl)oxolan-2-yl]o
xymethyl]-3,4-dihydr
oxy-5- (hydroxymeth
yl)oxolan-2-yl]oxyme
thyl]-3,4-dihydroxy-
5-(hydroxymethyl)o
xolan-2-yl]oxymethyl
]-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(h
ydroxymethyl)oxolan-
2-yl]oxyme thyl]-3,
4-dihydroxy-5-(hydro
xymethyl)oxolan-2-yl
]oxymethyl]-3,4-dihy
dr oxy-5-(hydroxyme
thyl)oxolan-2-yl]oxy
methyl]-3,4-dihydrox
y-5-(hydroxyme thyl
)oxolan-2-yl]oxymeth
yl]-3,4-dihydroxy-5-
(hydroxymethyl)oxola
n-2-yl ]oxymethyl]-
3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hyd
roxymethyl)oxolan-2-
yl]oxymethyl]-3,4-
dihydroxy-5-(hydroxy
methyl)oxolan-2-yl]o
xy-6-(hydroxymethyl)
oxane-3,4, 5-triol
C228H382O191 Click Here To Enlarge
Taraxasterol 1059-14-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,12,14b-
heptamethyl-11-methy
lidene-1,2,3,4a,5,6,
6a,7,8,9,1 0,12,12a
,13,14,14a-hexadecah
ydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

A decoction of the entire plant is used in treating abscesses, boils and sores, appendicitis, mastitis, jaundice, stomach disorders, dysuria etc.

Reference

Jing-Nuan Wu. An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica. P: 620, Oxford University Press, Inc.2005.

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