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Home » Plant infomation

Albizia versicolor  Welw. ex Oliv.

   

Botanical Name

:

Albizia versicolor Welw. ex Oliv.

English Name

:

Poison-pod albizia, Large-leaved false thorn

Synonym(s)

:

Albizia mossambicensis Sim

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

Small to medium-sized deciduous tree up to 20 m tall; bole usually short and branchless for up to 5 m but sometimes up to 12 m, straight and cylindrical, up to 60(–150) cm in diameter; bark surface greyish brown, rough and fissured; crown flattened, open, with spreading branches; young twigs rusty brown hairy. Leaves alternate, bipinnately compound with 1–4(–5) pairs of pinnae; stipules awl-shaped, caducous; petiole 5–7 cm long, grooved above, near the base of upper side with a sessile gland, rachis 8–20 cm long, rusty brown hairy; leaflets in 3–6 pairs per pinna, almost sessile, obliquely broadly obovate to almost orbicular, up to 6.5 cm × 5 cm, rounded to slightly notched but mucronate at apex, leathery, densely yellowish or reddish brown hairy below. Inflorescence an axillary head on 3–6 cm long peduncle. Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous, white to greenish yellow; pedicel up to 2 mm long; calyx 4.5–8 mm long, with long tube toothed at apex, rusty brown pubescent outside; corolla 8–12 mm long, rusty brown pubescent outside; stamens numerous, 2.5–5.5 cm long, united at base, filaments reddish; ovary superior, gradually tapering into a long and slender style. Fruit an oblong, flat pod 10–30 cm × 3–6.5 cm, almost glabrous, indistinctly transversely veined, yellowish brown to reddish brown when ripe, opening with 2 papery valves, c. 6-seeded. Seeds flattened ellipsoid, 9–13 mm long.

Herb Effects

Anthelmintic and purgative (root and bark decoctions)

Links

PROTAbase: Albizia versicolor

Chemistry

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Root and bark decoctions are used to treat swollen glands and venereal diseases. Dried and powdered roots are taken or sniffed to treat headache and sinusitis, and a root maceration is taken against gonorrhoea. A bark decoction is used to treat anaemia, and it is applied externally to treat ophthalmia and skin rash. A bark maceration is taken against cough, and bark powder is sniffed for the same purpose.

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