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Home » Plant infomation

Banisteriopsis caapi  (Spruce ex Griseb.) C. V. Morton

   

Botanical Name

:

Banisteriopsis caapi (Spruce ex Griseb.) C. V. Morton

English Name

:

Ayahuasca vine, Caapi, Yage, Vine of the soul, Soul vine

Synonym(s)

:

Banisteria caapi Spruce ex Griseb., Banisteria quitensis Nied., Banisteriopsis inebrians C. V. Morton, Banisteriopsis quitensis (Nied.) C. V. Morton

Family

:

Malpighiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A shrub or extensive liana in tropical forests. The bark is usually chocolate-brown and smooth. Leaves are opposite, oval-shaped, green, marginally entire, 8-18 cm long, 3.5-8 cm wide, upper surface glaborous. The inflorescence is axillary or terminal cymose panicles. Flowers are 12-14 mm in diameter 2.5-3 mm long, 1.5 mm wide with pink petals, 5-7 mm long, 4-5 mm wide and 10 stamens. The fruit is a samara nut, 5 mm long. This liana is maily propagated vegetatively because it rarely blossoms and sets seed. The fan-like shaped seeds are green when fresh, but turn brown with age.

Herb Effects

Antibacterial, antifeedant, antileishmanic, antimalarial, aphrodisiac, bradycardic, bronchospasmogenic, cardiovascular, convulsant, CNS Stimulant, cytotoxic, desmutagenic, emetic, euphoric, hallucinogen, hyperkinetic, laxative, phototoxic, protisticide, psychotropic, respiradepressant, spinodepressant, telepathic, tremorigenic, uteroactive, vermifuge (Ayahuasca)

Links

Ayahuasca Vine (Banisteriopsis caapi) Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine, N-methyltryptamine (bark); harmaline (seed); harmalol (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine 1019-45-0 2-(5-methoxy-1H-indo
l-3-yl)-N,N-dimethyl
-ethanamine
C13H18N2O
N-Methyltryptamine 942-27-8 2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-N-
methyl-ethanamine
C11H14N2
Harmaline 304-21-2 Not Available C13H14N2O Click Here To Enlarge
Harmalol Not Available Not Available C12H12N2O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

A drink (infusion or decoction) made from the plant known as "Ayahuasca", is used medicinally for many disease conditions including amebiasis, bacterial infections, bronchosis, constipation, encephalosis, hypokinesis, impotence, leishmaniasis, lethargy, malaria, myosis, obesity, paralysis, Parkinson’s disease, spasms, trypanosomiasis and worm trouble.

Reference

James A Duke and Maryl Fulton. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - 2nd Edition, P: 684, CRC Press July 2002.

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