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Home » Plant infomation

Magnolia denudata  Desr.

   

Botanical Name

:

Magnolia denudata Desr.

English Name

:

Lilytree, Yu lan, Yulan Magnolia

Synonym(s)

:

Magnolia conspicua Salisb., Magnolia heptapeta(Buch-Hoz.)Dandy., Magnolia yulan Desf.

Family

:

Magnoliaceae

 

General Info

Description

Deciduous tree, to 20 m tall, with rough, gray-brown bark. Twigs dark-brown, pubescent at first, glabrous with age. Terminal buds covered with tomentum. Leaves obovate, elliptic, or broadly elliptic, 7-15 cm long, 5-10 cm wide, dark-green, glabrous above, light-green, pubescent beneath, almost glabrous at maturity, abruptly acuminate at apex, cuneate or obtuse at the base; petiole 2.5 cm long, tomentose, glabrous at age. Flowers appearing before leaves, erect, white, fragrant, vase-shaped; petals 9 (10-12), white tinged with pink or purple at the base or midrib, obovate, 5-10 cm long, 2-5 cm wide; stamens rose-purple, 0.5 cm long. Fruit aggregated to form follicetum, reddish brown, cylindrical, 5-15 cm long; outer seed coats red.

Herb Effects

Carminative and diaphoretic (flower buds and the seeds); antifungal, astringent, cytotoxic, hypotensive and a uterine stimulant (flower buds); anodyne and sedative (plant)

Links

Plants For A Future
WHO/WPRO-Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea
Herbasin Chinese herb database - Flos Magnoliae (Xin Yi)

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

1,8-cineole, alpha-humulene, alpha-pinene, alpha-terpinene, alpha-terpineol, beta-elemene, beta-eudesmol, bornyl acetate, camphene, caryophyllene oxide (bark); beta-selinene (bulb); cyanidin, kaempferol, quercetin (plant); gamma-terpinene (bark and leaves); delta-cadinene, elemol, germacrene D, geranyl acetate, limonene, myrcene, neryl acetate, p-cymene, sabinene (bark, bulb, flower, leaf and twig); methyl chavicol, rutin (flower)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
1,8-cineole 8024-53-1 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-ox
abicyclo[2.2.2]octan
e
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Alpha-humulene 6753-98-6 2,6,6,9-tetramethylc
ycloundeca-1,4,8-tri
ene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Terpinene 99-86-5 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Terpineol 10482-56-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-elemene 33880-83-0 1-ethenyl-1-methyl-2
,4-diprop-1-en-2-yl-
cyclohexane
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Eudesmol 473-15-4 2-(4a-methyl-8-methy
lidene-decalin-2-yl)
propan-2-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Bornyl acetate 20347-65-3 (1,7,7-trimethylnorb
ornan-2-yl) acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene oxide 32095-03-7 Not Available C15H24O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-selinene 18423-23-9 4a-methyl-1-methylid
ene-7-prop-1-en-2-yl
-decalin
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Cyanidin 87725-42-6 [2-(3,4-dihydroxyphe
nyl)-3,7-dihydroxy-c
hromen-5-ylidene]oxo
nium
C15H11O6+ Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Terpinene 99-85-4 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,4-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
delta-Cadinene Not Available 1,6-dimethyl-4-propa
n-2-yl-2,3,4,4a,7,8-
hexahydronaphthalene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Elemol 8024-27-9 2-(4-ethenyl-4-methy
l-3-prop-1-en-2-yl-c
yclohexyl)propan-2-o
l
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Germacrene D 37839-63-7 (1Z,6Z)-1-methyl-5-m
ethylidene-8-propan-
2-yl-cyclodeca-1,6-d
iene
C15H24
Geranyl acetate 8022-83-1 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienyl acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Neryl acetate 141-12-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienyl acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Cymene Not Available Dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge
Sabinene 3387-41-5 4-methylidene-1-prop
an-2-yl-bicyclo[3.1.
0]hexane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Methyl chavicol 77525-18-9 1-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-benzene
C10H12O Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The dried flower buds are used in the treatment of sinusitis and headache, accompanied with obstruction of the nose, purulent nasal discharge, loss of smelling, chronic rhinitis, allergic, rhinitis, rhinorrhea, and maxillary sinusitis

Reference

Jing-Nuan Wu. An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica. P: 414, Oxford University Press, Inc.2005.

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