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Home » Plant infomation

Ziziphus spina-christi  (L.) Desf.

   

Botanical Name

:

Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf.

English Name

:

Jujube, Christ's thorn, Jerusalem thorn, Syrian Christ-thorn

Synonym(s)

:

Paliurus spina-christi Miller, Rhamnus spina-christi L., Paliurus aculeatus Lam., Paliurus australis Gaertn., Paliurus virgatus D.Don.

Family

:

Rhamnaceae

 

General Info

Description

A spiny shrub or tree up to 10m in height. On wet sites it is an evergreen but it looses all it leaves during the dry season. The bark is grey-brown, when cut at the edge it is reddish, matured bark is grooved and cracking. The paired spines are ‘thump pointer’, the straight thorns long and thin. Its branches are intertwined and yellow-white in colour and form an impenetrable thicket. Flowers are small, 10-25 in number besides leaves, yellow-green in colour, stalks and calyx hairy white. Fruits are yellow and ~2cm in diameter, when dried the colour turns reddish.

Herb Effects

Antihelminthic and anti-diarrheic (boiled leaves); narcotic, tranquilliser, sedative, emollient and astringent (fruits)

Links

Wild Food Plants in Ethiopia
AgroForestryTree Database
Plants For A Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin (fruit); beta-sitosterol (plant); betulinic acid (leaves); amphibine (bark)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Amphibine 36535-97-4 Not Available Not Available

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The roots are used to treat headaches, while the spines or ashes of this species are applied to snake bites. Boiled leaves are applied to various surface wounds. A cataplasm of young leaves is also used to reduce eye inflammations. The fruits are used to reduce abscesses and boils.

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