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Home » Plant infomation

Datura inoxia  Mill.

   

Botanical Name

:

Datura inoxia Mill.

English Name

:

Angel's trumpet, Downy thorn-apple, Indian-apple, Sacred datura, Thorn apple

Family

:

Solanaceae

 

General Info

Description

Stout annual herb, tomentose with erect, glandular hairs. Mature leaves broadly ovate, the lamina up to 20 cm long, almost entire, slightly sinuate, or irregularly lobed towards base. Calyx 5-11 cm long, 3-6-lobed; lobes 13-20 mm long, sometimes incompletely separated. Corolla 12-19 cm long, white with green veins; limb undulate, appearing 10-lobed, alternate lobes broadly triangular or ending in a slender point 5-10 mm long. Stamens not exserted; anthers 8-10 mm long. Style 10-14 cm long; stigma well below anthers. Capsule globose or nearly so, 3-5 cm long, deflexed, spiny; spines numerous, slender, sharp, all about equal in length, to 10 mm long; persistent base of calyx to 20 mm long, very prominent. Seeds 4-5 mm long, brown.

Herb Effects

Anodyne, antispasmodic, hallucinogenic, hypnotic and narcotic (plant)

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Plants For A Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Apoatropine, atropine, scopoletin, tigloidine (plant); betulinic acid (tissue culture); hyoscyamine, scopolamine (flower)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Apoatropine 6020-16-2 (8-methyl-8-azabicyc
lo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)
2-phenylprop-2-enoat
e
C17H21NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Atropine 5934-50-9 (8-methyl-8-azabicyc
lo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)
3-hydroxy-2-phenyl-p
ropanoate
C17H23NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Scopoletin 92-61-5 2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
chromen-7-one
C10H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Tigloidine 495-83-0 (8-methyl-8-azabicyc
lo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)
2-methylbut-2-enoate
C13H21NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tigloidine 495-83-0 (8-methyl-8-azabicyc
lo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)
2-methylbut-2-enoate
C13H21NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Hyoscyamine 8000-07-5 (8-methyl-8-azabicyc
lo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)
3-hydroxy-2-phenyl-p
ropanoate
C17H23NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Scopolamine 97991-84-9 Not Available C17H21NO4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The plants are used in the past as a pain killer and also in the treatment of insanity, fevers with catarrh, diarrhoea and skin diseases. It is also indicated in asthma, boils, bronchosis, cough, cramps, dandruff, earache, hemorrhoids, hydrophobia, insomnia, motion sickness, nervousness, ophthalmia, Parkinsonism, phthisis, pyorrhea, seasickness, sores, spasms and tumors

Reference

James A Duke and Maryl Fulton. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - 2nd Edition, P: 728, CRC Press July 2002.

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