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Home » Plant infomation

Artemisia absinthium  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Artemisia absinthium L.

English Name

:

Wormwood, Green Ginger, Absinthe and Oldman

Synonym(s)

:

Absinthium officinale

Family

:

Asteraceae

 

General Info

Description

The plant grows from 2 to 4 feet in height. The numerous flower heads are short-stemmed and hang in a many-flowered panicle. The capitula are small, globular, inclined and 3 to 4 mm wide and almost as long. The bracts are gray, silky-pubescent with a rounded tip. The outer ones are linear-oblong and pubescent while the inner ones are ovate, obtuse, broad and have a transparent, membranous margin. The receptacle is rough-haired. The flowers are yellow and fertile. The fruit is about 1.5 mm long.

Herb Effects

Antibacterial and antifungal (essential leaf oil); analgesic, anthelmintic, antifertility, antiseptic, antispasmodic, stimulant, carminative, promotes or stimulates the flow of bile, deobstruent (of bowel), diuretic, reduces fever, narcotic.

Links

Floridata

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Thujone, azulene, thujyl alcohol, phellandrene, pinene, cadinene and guayanolide compunds (flower and essential leaf oil); absinthin, absinthic acid, artemetin, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, chamazulene, iso-quercitrin, tannin (leaf); camphene, chlorogenic acid, formic acid, nicotinic acid, p-coumaric acid, pinene, rutin, salicyclic acid, vanillic acid (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Thujone 1125-12-8 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-bicyclo[3.1.0]hex
an-3-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Azulene Not Available 3,8-dimethyl-5-propa
n-2-yl-azulene-1-sul
fonic acid
C15H18O3S Click Here To Enlarge
Thujyl alcohol 35732-37-7 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-bicyclo[3.1.0]hex
an-3-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Cadinene 29350-73-0 1,6-dimethyl-4-propa
n-2-yl-1,2,3,4,4a,5,
6,8a-octahydronaphth
alene
C15H26 Click Here To Enlarge
Absinthin 1362-42-1 Not Available C30H40O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Cadinene 29350-73-0 1,6-dimethyl-4-propa
n-2-yl-1,2,3,4,4a,5,
6,8a-octahydronaphth
alene
C15H26 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Chamazulene 529-05-5 7-ethyl-1,4-dimethyl
-azulene
C14H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoquercitrin 21637-25-2 3-[5-(1,2-dihydroxye
thyl)-3,4-dihydroxy-
oxolan-2-yl]oxy-2-(3
,4-dihydro xyphenyl
)-4,5-dihydroxy-chro
men-7-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Formic acid 992-98-3 formic acid CH2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Nicotinic acid 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Salicylic acid 8052-31-1 2-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillic acid Not Available 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzoic acid
C8H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For sluggish stomach and gall bladder function, prolaped stomach, anemia, anxiety, parturition, chlorosis, depurifying the body, chronic fever, flatulence, gastric pain, gout, urinary stones, heartburn, indigestion, leukemia, depression and migraines.

Contraindication

People who are pregnant and with liver disease should not take this herb.

Reference

Stary, Medicinal Herbs and Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

Phytochemical Database. USDA - ARS - NGRL. Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, Maryland.

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