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Home » Plant infomation

Euphorbia lathyris  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Euphorbia lathyris L.

English Name

:

Caper spurge, Caper euphorbia, Moleplant, Gopher spurge, Gopher plant

Synonym(s)

:

Euphorbia lathyrus L.

Family

:

Euphorbiaceae

 

General Info

Description

An erect biennial (occasionally annual) plant growing up to 1.5 m tall, with a glaucous blue-green stem. The leaves are arranged in decussate opposite pairs, and are lanceolate, 5-15 cm long and 1-2.5 cm broad, glaucous blue-green with a waxy texture and pale greenish-white midrib and veins. The flowers are green to yellow-green, 4 mm diameter, with no petals. The seeds are green ripening brown or grey, produced in globular clusters 13-17 mm diameter of three seeds compressed together

Herb Effects

Anticancer, antiseptic, cathartic, emetic and purgative (plant); violent purgative and rubefacient (leaves); depilatory (latex in the stems); diuretic, parasiticide, antitumor and purgative (seed)

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Betulin (plant); beta-sitosterol, ferulic acid, kaempferol, p-coumaric acid, quercetin (leaves); taraxerol (stem); daphnetin, oleic acid (seed); L-DOPA (latex exudate)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Taraxerol 22076-46-6 4,4,6a,6a,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,8,9,10,12,12a
,13,14,14a -tetrade
cahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Daphnetin Not Available 2,8-dihydroxychromen
-7-one
C9H6O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
L-DOPA Not Available 2-amino-3-(3,4-dihyd
roxyphenyl)-propanoi
c acid
C9H11NO4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The latex in the stems has been used externally to remove corns and warts. The seed has been used in the treatment of dropsy, ascites with abdominal distension, constipation, oliguria, tumours, amenorrhoea, schistosomiasis, scabies and snake bites. The fresh seed has an antitumor action, effective against acute lymphocytic and granulocytic leukaemia. One seed capsule is said to cause catharsis, several to cause an abortion.

Contraindication

Contraindicated for weak or pregnant patients.

Reference

Jing-Nuan Wu. An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica. P: 304, Oxford University Press, Inc.2005.

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