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Home » Plant infomation

Cucumis sativus  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Cucumis sativus L.

English Name

:

Cucumber

Synonym(s)

:

Cucumis sativus L. var. hardwickii (Royle) Alef., Cucumis hardwickii Royle

Family

:

Cucurbitaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a trailing annual plant.

Herb Effects

The seed is cooling, diuretic, tonic and vermifuge. hypothermic. The fruit is depurative, diuretic, emollient, purgative and resolvent; emollient and tones the skin. as well as protects it from the sun.

Links

Floridata
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-amyrin, alpha-spinasterol, alpha-tocopherol, beta-amyrin, beta-carotene, beta-sitosterol, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, cucurbitacin- A, B, C, D, E, I, cucurbitin, feruclic acid, folacin, linolenic acid, lupeol, niacin, oleic acid, 14-alpha-methyl-D-phytosterol (aerial part); shikimate dehydrogenase (from pulp of fruit)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Alpha-amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a -tetrade
cahydro-1H-picen-3-o
l
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Spinasterol 481-18-5 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-hept-3-en-2-yl)-10,
13-dimethyl-2,3,4,5,
6,9,11,12, 14,15,16
,17-dodecahydro-1H-c
yclopenta[a]phenanth
ren-3-ol
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Tocopherol 364-50-1 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-
2-(5,9,13-trimethylt
etradecyl)chroman-6-
ol
C30H52O2 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Feruclic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Folacin 6484-89-5 2-[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo
-1H-pteridin-6-yl)me
thylamino]benzoyl]am
inopentane dioic
acid
C19H19N7O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 Octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Cucumber seeds possess similar properties to those of the allied Pumpkin (Cucurbita Pepo, Linn.) which are distinctly diuretic, but mainly employed as a very efficient taeniacide. The leaf juice is emetic, it is used to treat dyspepsia in children. The fresh fruit is used internally in the treatment of blemished skin, heat rash etc, whilst it is used externally as a poultice for burns, sores etc and also as a cosmetic for softening the skin.

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


The Himalaya Drug Company.

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