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Home » Plant infomation

Oenanthe crocata  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Oenanthe crocata L.

English Name

:

Hemlock Water-Dropwort, Horse bane, Water lovage, Yellow water dropwort, Dean’s fingers

Synonym(s)

:

Oenanthe abiifolia Brot.

Family

:

Apiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A glabrous perennial herb. Roots cylindrical-obovoid tubers, 6 x lcm. Stem hollow and grooved. Umbels compound, terminal. 5-10cm. diam. with (7)12-40 smooth rays (1.5)3-8 cm long. Peduncle longer than rays. Terminal hermaphrodite, lateral male Partial umbels not flat topped in fruit. Leaves lower: 30cm 3(4) pinnate, sheathing petioles. Segments 1-2cm, ovate to suborbicular in outline, crenate to pinnatifid, cuneate at the base, serrate, teeth obtuse or subacute with minute apiculus. Upper: 1-2 pinnate, narrower segments with short sheathing petiole. Cotyledons abruptly contracted into a petiole. Bracts 5, linear to 3-fid. Bracteoles 6 or more, caducous, linear lanceolate. Flowers white. Sepals ovate to triangular, acute, persistent, outer petals scarcely radia­ting, unequal. Styles form a stylopodium. F1 .6-7. Fruit 4-5.5 mm. cylindrical., rarely subovoid. Commisure broad. Mericarps with slender ridges. Carpophore present vittae solitary. Styles 2mm, erect 1/2 > as fruit.

Herb Effects

Cardiotoxic, emmenagogue, litholytic, narcotic, poisonous and toxic

Links

Online Guide To Umbelliferae Of British Isles
Oenanthe Crocata - Homeopathic Remedies

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Apiole, mannitol (root); myristicin (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Apiole Not Available 4,7-dimethoxy-5-prop
-2-enyl-benzo[1,3]di
oxole
C12H14O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Mannitol 85085-15-0 hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-h
exaol
C6H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Myristicin Not Available 4-methoxy-6-prop-2-e
nyl-benzo[1,3]dioxol
e
C11H12O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The roots are used as a poultice for eruptions of the skin, whitlows & foul ulcers. A tincture is used for treating gall stones. In homeopathic medicine, it is used for treating epileptiform convulsions; worse, during menstruation and pregnancy, puerperal eclampsia, uraemic convulsions, burning in throat and stomach, nausea and vomiting, red spots in face, convulsive facial twitching, skin affections, especially lepra and ichthyosis.

Reference

James A Duke and Maryl Fulton. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - 2nd Edition, P: 761, CRC Press July 2002.

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