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Home » Plant infomation

Salix alba  Linn

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Salix alba Linn

English Name

:

White Willow, European willow

Family

:

Salicaceae

 

General Info

Description

A large tree with olive-green, yellow, or purple branches. Leaves narrowly lanceolate, ash-grey, silky; flowers in male and female catkins; capsule ovoid-conic; seeds small, ovoid, yellow, keeled.

Herb Effects

Anodyne, anti-inflammatory, antiperiodic, antiseptic, astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, hypnotic, sedative and tonic (bark)

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Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Apigenin, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, isoquercitrin, niacin, quercetin, riboflavin, rutin, salicin, tannin, thiamin (bark); catechin, p-coumaric acid, salicyclic acid (plant); cyanidin (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Salicin 30370-90-2 (2R,3R,4S,5R,6S)-2-(
hydroxymethyl)-6-[2-
(hydroxymethyl)pheno
xy]oxane-3 ,4,5-tri
ol
C13H18O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoquercitrin 21637-25-2 3-[5-(1,2-dihydroxye
thyl)-3,4-dihydroxy-
oxolan-2-yl]oxy-2-(3
,4-dihydro xyphenyl
)-4,5-dihydroxy-chro
men-7-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Salicin 30370-90-2 (2R,3R,4S,5R,6S)-2-(
hydroxymethyl)-6-[2-
(hydroxymethyl)pheno
xy]oxane-3 ,4,5-tri
ol
C13H18O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Catechin 5323-80-8 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,5,7-tri
ol
C15H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Salicylic acid 8052-31-1 2-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Cyanidin 87725-42-6 [2-(3,4-dihydroxyphe
nyl)-3,7-dihydroxy-c
hromen-5-ylidene]oxo
nium
C15H11O6+ Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Pain relief, arthritis, calluses, convalescence, diarrhea, dysmenorrhea, fever, headache, malaria, pain, respiratory ailments, rheumatism, skin ailments, throat ailments, warts

Contraindication

If taking blood-thinning medications such as Coumadin (warfarin), heparin, Plavix (clopidogrel), Ticlid (ticlopidine), Trental (pentoxifylline), or aspirin; methotrexate; metoclopramide; Dilantin (phenytoin); sulfonamide drugs; spironolactone and other potassium-sparing diuretics; or the antiseizure drug valproic acid: It may be wise to avoid combining white willow with these substances.

Reference

Grieve M. A Modern Herbal. 1931 (www.botanical.com).


Johnson Timothy. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

Phytochemical Database. USDA - ARS - NGRL. Beltsville Agricultural Research Center. Beltsville. Maryland.

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