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Home » Plant infomation

Lycium chinense  Mill.

   

Botanical Name

:

Lycium chinense Mill.

English Name

:

Chinese wolfberry, Wolfberry, Chinese desert-thorn, Chinese matrimony vine, Chinese boxthorn

Synonym(s)

:

Lycium ovatum Loisel.

Family

:

Solanaceae

 

General Info

Description

An erect or sprawling shrub, 0.5-1(-2) m tall. Stems much branched; branches pale gray, slender, curved or pendulous, with thorns 0.5-2 cm. Leaves solitary or in clusters of 2-4; leaf blade ovate, rhombic, lanceolate, or linear-lanceolate, 1.5-5 × 0.5-2.5 cm (to 10 × 4 cm in cultivation). Inflorescences solitary or paired flowers on long shoots or fasciculate among leaves on short shoots; pedicel 1-2 cm; calyx campanulate, 3-4 mm, 3-5-divided to halfway, lobes densely ciliate; corolla pale purple, 0.9-l.2 cm; tube funnel-form, shorter than or subequaling lobes, lobes pubescent at margin. Stamens slightly shorter or longer than corolla, with a villous ring slightly above filament base and adjacent corolla tube. Berry red, ovoid or oblong, 0.7-1.5 cm × 5-8 mm (ca. 2.2 × 1 cm in cultivation). Seeds numerous, yellow, 2.5-3 mm.

Herb Effects

Haemostat (seed); antibacterial, antipyretic, hepatic, hypoglycaemic and vasodilator (root bark); ACE Inhibitor, analgesic, antiaging, antibacterial, antipyretic, bitter, depurative, hemostat, hepatoprotective, hepatotonic, hypoglycemic, hypotensive, immunosuppressive, mydriatic, nephrotonic, radioprotective, tonic (fruit).

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, asparagine, beta-carotene, niacin, riboflavin, rutin, thiamin (leaf); betaine, linoleic acid, solavetivone, zeaxanthin (fruit).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Asparagine 2058-58-4 2,4-diamino-4-oxo-bu
tanoic acid
C4H8N2O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Betaine 590-47-6 Carboxymethyl-trimet
hyl-ammonium
hydroxide
C5H13NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Solavetivone 61167-63-3 (2R,5S,6R)-6,10-dime
thyl-2-prop-1-en-2-y
l-spiro[4.5]dec-9-en
-8-one
C15H22O
Zeaxanthin Not Available 4-[18-(4-hydroxy-2,6
,6-trimethyl-1-cyclo
hexenyl)-3,7,12,16-t
etramethyl -octadec
a-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15
,17-nonaenyl]-3,5,5-
trimethyl-cyclohex-3
-e n-1-ol
C40H56O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The seed is used for the control of bleeding, with a special action on the kidneys and sex organs. The root is used in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis and pneumonia in small children, chronic febrile disease, night sweats, cough and asthma, achlorhydria, atherosclerosis, hepatic diseases, tuberculosis, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. A decoction of fruit is used to clear the vision, strengthen the kidneys, restore semen and nourish the liver. The fruit protects the liver from damage caused by exposure to toxins. The fruit has been indicated for the treatment of a wide range of diseases such as asthma, atherosclerosis, backache, bacterial infections, bleeding, cachexia, cancer, cardiopathy, circulosis, cough, diabetes, dizziness, eczema, epistaxis, fever, hepatosis, high blood pressure, hyperglycemia, hyperhydrosis, infection, inflammation, malaria, nephrosis, neurosis, night Sweats, nyctalopia, odontosis, ophthalmia, osteosis, pain, pertussis, pneumonia, pulmonosis, pulposis, rheumatism, spermatorrhea, stroke, excessive thirst, tinnitus, toothache, tuberculosis, vertigo, vomiting, nocturnal emissions and aching back and legs.

Contraindication

Avoid in cold, diarrhea, and pregnancy.

Reference

James A Duke and Maryl Fulton. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs- 2nd Edition, P: 791-792, CRC Press July 2002.

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