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Home » Plant infomation

Stachys officinalis  (L.) Trevis.

   

Botanical Name

:

Stachys officinalis (L.) Trevis.

English Name

:

Bethony, Purple betony, Wood betony, Bishop's wort, Common hedgenettle

Synonym(s)

:

Betonica officinalis L., Stachys betonica Benth. nom. illeg.

Family

:

Lamiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A perennial grassland herb growing to 70cm tall. Leaves are stalked on upright stems, narrowly oval, with a heart-shaped base, with a somewhat wrinkled texture and toothed margins. Flower c 13-17 mm long; calyx is 5-7mm long, with 5 teeth, edged with bristles; corolla 1-1.5cm long. Its upper lip flat, almost straight when seen from the side; anthers stick straight out.

Herb Effects

Antidepressant, antidiarrheic, anthelmintic, antiinflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, bitter, carminative, cerebrotonic, cholagogue, depurative, digestive, diuretic, expectorant,emmenagogue, hepatotonic, hypotensive, nervine, sedative, tranquilizer, tonic and vulnerary.

Links

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Betaine, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, choline, harpagide, neo-chlorogenic acid, rosmarinic acid, stachydrine and tannin (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Betaine 590-47-6 Carboxymethyl-trimet
hyl-ammonium
hydroxide
C5H13NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Harpagide 6926-08-5 (1S,5S,6R,7S,9R)-7-m
ethyl-5-[(2S,3R,4S,5
R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydro
xy-6-(hydr oxymethy
l)oxan-2-yl]oxy-4-ox
abicyclo[4.3.0]non-2
-ene-1,7,9-triol
C15H24O10 Click Here To Enlarge
Neo-chlorogenic acid Not Available Not Available Not Available
Rosmarinic acid 537-15-5 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-2-[3-(3,4-dihydr
oxyphenyl)prop-2-eno
yloxy]prop anoic
acid
C18H16O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Stachydrine Not Available 1,1-dimethyl-2,3,4,5
-tetrahydropyrrole-2
-carboxylate
C7H13NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used in treating ague, anxiety, arthrosis, asthma, bladder stone, bleeding, bronchosis, bruise, genital cancer, liver cancer, spleen cancer, catarrh, cholecystosis, cold, convulsions, cough, cramps, cystosis, debility, depression, dermatosis, diarrhea, dropsy, dyspepsia, dyspnea, edema, enterosis, epilepsy, epistaxis, fractures, gas, gingivosis, gout, headache, heartburn, hemoptysis, hepatosis, hernia, high blood pressure, hysteria, inflammation, insomnia, jaundice, kidney stone, mucososis, nephrosis, nervousness, neuralgia, neurosis, palpitation, palsy, paresis, phthisis, pulmonosis, rheumatism, rhinosis, sclerosis, sore throat, scrofula, splenosis, stomatosis, stress, swelling, tension, throat, toothache, vertigo, wen and wounds.

Reference

James A Duke and Maryl Fulton. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - 2nd Edition, P: 792-793, CRC Press July 2002.

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