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Home » Plant infomation

Zanthoxylum americanum  Mill.

   

Botanical Name

:

Zanthoxylum americanum Mill.

English Name

:

Sea ash, Toothache tree, Common pricklyash, American prickly ash, Northern Prickly Ash, Yellowwood

Synonym(s)

:

Thylax fraxineum (Willd.) Raf., Zanthoxylum fraxineum Willd., Zanthoxylum fraxinifolium Marshall, Zanthoxylum mite Willd., Zanthoxylum parvum Shinners, Zanthoxylum ramiflorum Michx.

Family

:

Rutaceae

 

General Info

Description

Deciduous shrub or small tree, 15-25 ft (4.5-7.5 m) tall, reproduces from root shoots and can form thickets. Leaves alternate, pinnately compound (odd), 5-11 leaflets on a prickly central stalk 10-20 cm long, ovate to elliptic, two opposite spines on the stem at or below the point of petiole attachment. Flowers small, greenish, in small axillary clusters, appear before the leaves; dioecious - male and female flowers on separate trees. Fruit small, 4-5 mm across, bright red, containing 1-2 shiny black seeds.

Herb Effects

Irritant, odontalgic and antirheumatic (bark and roots); diaphoretic, stimulant, antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic and antirheumatic (fruits).

Links

Plants For A Future
Oregon State Univ., LANDSCAPE PLANTS

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Berberine, candicine, tannin, xanthoxylin (plant); chelerythrine, magnoflorine, nitidine, xanthyletin (bark); skimmianine (Bl).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Berberine 633-65-8 Not Available C20H18NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Candicine 6656-13-9 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)e
thyl-trimethyl-azani
um
C11H18NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Xanthoxylin Not Available 1-(2-hydroxy-4,6-dim
ethoxy-phenyl)ethano
ne
C10H12O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chelerythrine 34316-15-9 Not Available C21H18NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Magnoflorine 6681-18-1 Not Available C20H24NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Nitidine Not Available Not Available C21H18NO4+
Skimmianine 83-95-4 Not available C14H13NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Xanthyletin 553-19-5 Not Available C14H12O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used in the treatment of arthritic and rheumatic conditions, digestive problems and leg ulcers (bark and roots); to ease the pain of toothache (pulverized root and bark); chewed to induce salivation (bark); in the treatment of rheumatism, dyspepsia, dysentery, heart and kidney troubles (tea or tincture of the bark); to treat itchy skin (a tea made from the inner bark); in the treatment of fevers, ague, poor circulation etc and as an useful tonic in debilitated conditions of the stomach and digestive organs (fruits).

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