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Home » Plant infomation

Quisqualis indica  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Quisqualis indica L.

English Name

:

Burma creeper, Chinese honeysuckle, Rangoon creeper, Drunken sailor

Synonym(s)

:

Quisqualis glabra Burm.f., Quisqualis pubescens Burm.f., Quisqualis spinosa Blanco

Family

:

Combretaceae

 

General Info

Description

A woody climber, young branchlets tomentose to sparsely pubescent. Leaves 5-18.5 cm x 2.5-9 cm. Flowers in panicles 10-15 cm long, on peduncles 2-6 cm long; bracts lance-subulate; hypanthium 3-6 (7) cm long, brightly colored; calyx lobes 1.5-2.5 mm long; petals opening white, turning red, 8-16 mm long. Fruit 30-35 mm long, 10-12 mm thick, ovate-elliptic in profile, 5-winged, uncommonly produced.

Herb Effects

Anthelminthic (root, seed and fruit)

Links

PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation
Philippine Medicinal Plants

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Citric acid, GABA, malic acid, oleanolic acid, oleic-acid, palmitic acid, quisqualic acid, stearic acid, succinic acid, tartaric acid, trigonelline (fruits); linoleic acid, myristic acid (seed).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
GABA 70582-09-1 4-aminobutanoic acid C4H9NO2
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydropicene-
4a-carboxylic acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Quisqualic acid Not Available (2S)-2-amino-3-(3,5-
dioxo-1,2,4-oxadiazo
lidin-2-yl)propanoic
acid
C5H7N3O5
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Succinic acid 6283-68-7 butanedioic acid C4H6O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Tartaric acid 526-83-0 2,3-dihydroxybutaned
ioic acid
C4H6O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Trigonelline 6138-40-5 1-methylpyridine-5-c
arboxylate
C7H7NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Myristic Acid Not Available Hexane C6H14 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used to alleviate nephritis and as anthelminthic against ascarids; sustains the spleen and cause obstructions to disappear (fruits and seeds); as a gargle effective against toothache (decoction of fruit); macerated in oil are applied to parasitic skin diseases, boils or sores on children's faces, and when roasted are given to treat diarrhoea and fever (seeds); given to children to stop diarrhea (decoction of seeds); applied to the head to relieve ache caused by jungle fever (leaves); considered as a remedy for boils and ulcers (leaf juice); used for dysuria (decoction of boiled leaves); eaten daily by men and women as a method of birth control (plant); used to treat rheumatism (root).

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