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Home » Plant infomation

Oenanthe javanica  (Blume) DC.

   

Botanical Name

:

Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC.

English Name

:

Water dropwort, Indian pennywort, Water celery, Java waterdropwort

Synonym(s)

:

Sium javanicum Blume, Oenanthe stolonifera DC.

Family

:

Apiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A robust stoloniferous herb with erect stems 60–120cm, often rooting at lower nodes. Leaves up to 30 cm long, biternate or bipinnate; segments ovate-acute, 2–5 x 0.75–2.5cm, base cuneate, margin serrate. Umbels large, 5–8cm across, 16–20-rayed; rays 2–3cm long; bracteoles c 4mm; calyx teeth 0.5–1.5mm; petals white or greenish yellow, c 1.5mm; styles as long as calyx teeth. Fruits ellipsoid, c 2.5 x 1.5mm.

Herb Effects

Depurative, febrifuge and styptic (whole plant).

Links

Plants For A Future
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-pinene, camphene, carvacrol, eugenol, isorhamnetin (Shoot); myristicin (fruit); palmitic acid, stigmasterol (root)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Beta-pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Carvacrol 499-75-2 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-phenol
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Isorhamnetin 480-19-3 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
phenyl)-chromen-7-on
e
C16H12O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Myristicin Not Available 4-methoxy-6-prop-2-e
nyl-benzo[1,3]dioxol
e
C11H12O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used in the treatment of epidemic influenza, fever and discomfort, jaundice, haematuria and metrorrhagia (decoction of plant).

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