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Home » Plant infomation

Hibiscus sabdariffa  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Hibiscus sabdariffa L.

English Name

:

Roselle, Red sorrel

Synonym(s)

:

Hibiscus digitatus Cav.

Family

:

Malvaceae

 

General Info

Description

An erect annual herb, 0.5—3 m tall, stems glabrous, purplish. Leaves broadly ovate-orbicular, variable, 6—15 cm long, lobes 3—5, oblong to lanceolate, glabrous or pubescent, purplish, petiole 5—10 cm long. Flowers, borne singly in the leaf axils, are up to 5 in (12.5 cm) wide; red calyx, consisting of 5 large sepals with a collar (epicalyx) of 8 to 12 slim, pointed bracts (or bracteoles) around the base, begins to enlarge, becomes fleshy, crisp but juicy, 1 1/4 to 2 1/4 in (3.2-5.7 cm) long and fully encloses the velvety capsule, 1/2 to 3/4 in (1.25-2 cm) long, which is green when immature, 5-valved, with each valve containing 3 to 4 kidney-shaped, light-brown seeds, 1/8 to 3/16 in (3-5 mm) long and minutely downy. The capsule turns brown and splits open when mature and dry. Seed reniform, almost glabrous, black brown.

Herb Effects

Antiseptic, aphrodisiac, astringent, cholagogue, demulcent, digestive, purgative and resolvent (whole plant); emollient, diuretic, refrigerant, antiscorbutic and sedative (decoction of whole plant); emollient (leaves); antiscorbutic (fruits); diuretic, laxative and tonic (seeds).

Links

Plants For A Future
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Aspartic acid (plant); acetic acid, anisaldehyde, benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol, butyric acid, calcium oxalate, campesterol, caprylic acid, ethanol, formic acid, isoamyl alcohol, methanol, propionic acid (fruit); ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, glycolic acid, malic acid, niacin, oxalic acid, riboflavin, thiamin (flower); anthocyanin, delphinidin, pectin, sucrose (calyx); beta-sitosterol, cholesterol, ergosterol, linoleic acid, myristic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, stearic acid, sterculic acid (seed); tartaric acid (root)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Aspartic acid 6899-03-2 2-aminobutanedioic
acid
C4H7NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Anisaldehyde 50984-52-6 4-methoxybenzaldehyd
e
C8H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Benzaldehyde 100-52-7 benzaldehyde C7H6O Click Here To Enlarge
Benzyl alcohol 185532-71-2 phenylmethanol C7H8O Click Here To Enlarge
Butyric acid 107-92-6 Butanoic acid C4H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Calcium oxalate 5794-28-5 calcium oxalate C2CaO4
Campesterol 474-62-4 17-(5,6-dimethylhept
an-2-yl)-10,13-dimet
hyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,1
2,14,15,16 ,17-dode
cahydro-1H-cyclopent
a[a]phenanthren-3-ol
C28H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Caprylic acid 764-71-6 octanoic acid C8H16O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ethanol 8024-45-1 ethanol C2H6O Click Here To Enlarge
Formic acid 992-98-3 formic acid CH2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoamyl alcohol 6423-06-9 3-methylbutan-1-ol C5H12O
Methanol 67-56-1 methanol CH4O
Propionic acid 109-94-4 ethyl formate C3H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycolic acid 79-14-1 2-hydroxyacetic acid C2H4O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxalic acid 553-91-3 Oxalic acid C2H2O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Anthocyanin 85763-44-6 Not Available Not Available
Delphinidin 528-53-0 [3,7-dihydroxy-2-(3,
4,5-trihydroxyphenyl
)-chromen-5-ylidene]
oxonium ch loride
C15H11ClO7 Click Here To Enlarge
Pectin 9047-18-1 Not Available Not Available
Sucrose Not Available 2-[3,4-dihydroxy-2,5
-bis(hydroxymethyl)o
xolan-2-yl]oxy-6-(hy
droxymethy l)oxane-
3,4,5-triol
C12H22O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Cholesterol 57-88-5 10,13-dimethyl-17-(6
-methylheptan-2-yl)-
2,3,4,7,8,9,11,12,14
,15,16,17- dodecahy
dro-1H-cyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-ol
C27H46O Click Here To Enlarge
Ergosterol 57-87-4 (3S,9R,10R,13S,14R,1
7R)-17-[(2S,5R)-5,6-
dimethylhept-3-en-2-
yl]-10,13- dimethyl
-2,3,4,9,11,12,14,15
,16,17-decahydro-1H-
cyclopenta[a]phenant
hr en-3-ol
C28H44O Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Myristic Acid Not Available Hexane C6H14 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitoleic acid 2091-29-4 (E)-hexadec-9-enoic
acid
C16H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Sterculic acid 738-87-4 8-(2-octyl-1-cyclopr
openyl)octanoic acid
C19H34O2
Tartaric acid 526-83-0 2,3-dihydroxybutaned
ioic acid
C4H6O6 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used as a poultice is used on abscesses and ulcers and also as a cough remedy (leaves); reduces blood pressure and stimulates intestinal peristalsis (infusion of leaves); shows diuretic and choleretic effects, decreasing the viscosity of the blood, reducing blood pressure and stimulating intestinal peristalsis (flowers); as a folk remedy in the treatment of abscesses, bilious conditions, cancer, cough, debility, dyspepsia, dysuria, fever, hangover, heart ailments, hypertension, neurosis, scurvy, and strangury.

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