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Home » Plant infomation

Heliotropium indicum  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Heliotropium indicum L.

English Name

:

Indian heliotrope

Family

:

Boraginaceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual herb, 15-60(-100) cm tall, stem simple or with a few branches, hairy. Leaves ovate, (1.5-)2-10(-12) cm x 1-8(-9) cm, base truncate but narrowly long-decurrent, apex acute, with tubercules of mineralized cells and bristly hairs, petiole 1-9 cm long. Inflorescence consisting of 1 to several spike-like cyme(s), elongated, 5-20 cm long, ebracteate; calyx with patent, bristly, white hairs, corolla salver-shaped, tube 3-4.5 mm long, lobes rounded, about 1 mm long, pale-violet, blue or white, apex of carpels strongly bidentate, strongly divergent at anthesis. Fruit 2-3 mm long, fruit halves 2-celled, cells 2-locular, outer partition with one seed, inner one larger, empty.

Herb Effects

Applied as an antipyretic and anti-inflammatory (decoction of aerial parts)

Links

PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-sitosterol, campesterol, indicine, indicine N-oxide, stigmasterol, tannin (plant); heliotrine (seed).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Campesterol 474-62-4 17-(5,6-dimethylhept
an-2-yl)-10,13-dimet
hyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,1
2,14,15,16 ,17-dode
cahydro-1H-cyclopent
a[a]phenanthren-3-ol
C28H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Indicine N-oxide 41708-76-3 (7-hydroxy-4-oxido-5
,6,7,8-tetrahydro-3H
-pyrrolizin-1-yl)met
hyl
2-hydr oxy-2-(1-hyd
roxyethyl)-3-methyl-
butanoate
C15H25NO6
Indicine 6029-84-1 (7-hydroxy-5,6,7,8-t
etrahydro-3H-pyrroli
zin-1-yl)methyl
2-hydroxy-2-(1 -hyd
roxyethyl)-3-methyl-
butanoate
C15H25NO5
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Heliotrine 59532-50-2 [(7R,8S)-7-hydroxy-5
,6,7,8-tetrahydro-3H
-pyrrolizin-1-yl]met
hyl
(2S)-2 -hydroxy-2-[
(1R)-1-methoxyethyl]
-3-methyl-butanoate
C16H27NO5

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used against thrush, dysentery and haemorrhoids (decoction of leaves); to stop internal bleeding (leaf juice); used both internally and as a poultice to treat inflammation, swelling, sprain, contusion, pharyngitis, abscesses and rheumatism and externally for warts (whole plant); as a poultice in the treatment of herpes and rheumatism (leaves); to wash wounds and sores and taken as a gargle to relieve sore throat (infusion of leaves); used for eye diseases and as a poultice in the treatment of eczema and impetigo (roots).

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