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Home » Plant infomation

Gardenia jasminoides  J. Ellis

   

Botanical Name

:

Gardenia jasminoides J. Ellis

English Name

:

Cape jasmine, Garden gardenia

Synonym(s)

:

Gardenia florida L., Gardenia grandiflora Lour., Gardenia augusta (L.) Merr.

Family

:

Rubiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A perennial evergreen shrub growing up to 3' to 5' tall and wide. Leaves are glossy and leathery; opposite and whorled with entire margins. Flowers heavily scented, double creamy-white. Fruits oval and fleshy orange.

Herb Effects

Febrifuge (leaves)

Links

PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Benzyl acetate, linalyl acetate, methyl anthranilate, terpineol (flower); beta-sitosterol, chlorogenin, crocin, gardenin, gardenoside, genipin, geniposide, geniposidic acid, mannitol, pectin, scandoside methyl ester, tannin (fruit).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Benzyl acetate 21982-87-6 trimethyl-(2-phenoxy
ethyl)ammonium
C11H18NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Linalyl acetate 8022-85-3 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6
-dien-3-yl acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Methyl anthranilate 134-20-3 methyl
2-aminobenzoate
C8H9NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Terpineol 8006-39-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenin 562-34-5 Not Available C27H44O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Crocin 8055-08-1 N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)e
thanamide
C8H9NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Gardenin 21187-73-5 5-hydroxy-6,7,8-trim
ethoxy-2-(3,4,5-trim
ethoxyphenyl)-chrome
n-4-one
C21H22O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Gardenoside Not Available methyl
(1S,6S,9R)-9-hydroxy
-9-(hydroxymethyl)-2
-[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3
,4, 5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxymethyl)oxan-
2-yl]oxy-3-oxabicycl
o[4.3.0]nona-4, 7-d
iene-5-carboxylate
C17H24O11
Genipin Not Available methyl
(1S,6S)-2-hydroxy-9-
(hydroxymethyl)-3-ox
abicyclo[4.3.0]nona-
4,8 -diene-5-carbox
ylate
C11H14O5
Geniposidic acid 27741-01-1 9-(hydroxymethyl)-2-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxymethyl)oxan-
2-yl]oxy-3 -oxabicy
clo[4.3.0]nona-4,8-d
iene-5-carboxylic
acid
C16H22O10 Click Here To Enlarge
Mannitol 85085-15-0 hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-h
exaol
C6H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Pectin 9047-18-1 Not Available Not Available
Scandoside methyl ester Not Available methyl
7-hydroxy-9-(hydroxy
methyl)-2-[(2S,3R,4S
,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihyd
rox y-6-(hydroxymet
hyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-3-
oxabicyclo[4.3.0]non
a-4,8-diene-5-c arb
oxylate
C17H24O11
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The roots are used against headache, dyspepsia, nervous disorders, and fever; the leaves are applied in febrifugous poultices; the fruits are used against jaundice and diseases of kidneys and lungs.

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