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Home » Plant infomation

Nerium oleander  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Nerium oleander L.

English Name

:

Sweet Scented Oleander

Synonym(s)

:

Nerium odorum (Sol.), Nerium indicum (Mill.)

Family

:

Apocynaceae

 

General Info

Description

This fast growing evergreen shrub can reach up to 20 ft tall but is usually seen trimmed at 6 to 10 ft. It forms a rounded mound to about 10 ft wide. It is a tough, versatile plant with showy summertime flowers in white, red, pink, salmon and light yellow. Leathery, lance shaped leaves range from about 4 to 10 cm long, depending on variety and are a bright green. Oleanders have a tendency to become leggy - overgrown individuals should be pruned as needed to maintain a nice shape.

Herb Effects

The leaves and the flowers are cardiotonic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic, expectorant and sternutatory; cardiotonic (leaf, bark, root and seed); induces tears (fresh leaf juice); stimulant, antiinflammatory and relieves pain (bark, root and seed)

Links

Floridata
Plants for a Future
PIER
Oleander
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Betulin, betulinic acid, oleandrin, isoquercitrin, quercetin, rutin, (leaf); cardiac glycosides (root, bark and seed); beta-sitosterol, choline, oleanolic acid, ursolic acid (plant); linolenic acid (flower)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleandrin 53812-90-1 [14-hydroxy-3-(5-hyd
roxy-4-methoxy-6-met
hyl-oxan-2-yl)oxy-10
,13-dimeth yl-17-(5
-oxo-2H-furan-3-yl)-
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,11
,12,15,16,17-tetrade
ca hydrocyclopenta[
a]phenanthren-16-yl]
acetate
C32H48O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoquercitrin 21637-25-2 3-[5-(1,2-dihydroxye
thyl)-3,4-dihydroxy-
oxolan-2-yl]oxy-2-(3
,4-dihydro xyphenyl
)-4,5-dihydroxy-chro
men-7-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydropicene-
4a-carboxylic acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydro-1H-pic
ene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In ulcers, chancre and hemorrhoids (root paste); skaly skin maladies (oil from root bark); ophthalmia (fresh leaf juice);in the treatment of scabies, and to reduce swellings (leaf decoction); in the treatment of leprosy and skin diseases of a scaly nature (root oil). The whole plant has anticancer properties.

Contraindication

All parts of the plants are poisonous, including the smoke if burned.

Reference

The Himalaya Drug Company.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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