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Home » Plant infomation

Sambucus canadensis  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Sambucus canadensis L.

English Name

:

American Elder

Synonym(s)

:

Sambucus nigra canadensis (L.)Bolli.

Family

:

Adoxaceae

 

General Info

Description

A bushy, multi-stemmed, wide spreading shrub. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, pinnate with five to nine leaflets, the leaflets around 10 cm long and 5 cm broad. In summer, it bears large (20-30 cm diameter) corymbs of white flowers above the foliage, the individual flowers 5-6 mm diameter, with five petals. The fruit is a dark purple to black berry 3-5 mm diameter, produced in drooping clusters in the fall.

Herb Effects

Diuretic, emetic and a strong laxative (inner bark, root bark); stimulant, diaphoretic and diuretic (elder flower); antiseptic (leaves).

Links

Floridata
Sambucus canadensis L.
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alanine, arginine, ascorbic acid, aspartic acid, beta-carotene, cystine, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, isoleucine, methionine, niacin, pantothenic acid, phenyl-alanine, riboflavin, thiamin, tryptophan, tyrosine, valine (fruit); alpha-amyrin palmitate, beta-amyrin palmitate, beta-sitosterol, campesterol, lysine, stigmasterol (plant); linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, tannin (seed); rutin (flower, leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Alanine 35597-43-4 2-[2-[2-amino-4-(hyd
roxy-methyl-phosphor
yl)-butanoyl]aminopr
opanoylami no]propa
noic acid
C11H22N3O6P Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Aspartic acid 6899-03-2 2-aminobutanedioic
acid
C4H7NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Cystine 24645-67-8 2-amino-3-(2-amino-2
-carboxy-ethyl)disul
fanyl-propanoic acid
C6H12N2O4S2 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamic acid Not Available 2-aminopentanedioic
acid
C5H9NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Histidine 6027-02-7 2-amino-3-(3H-imidaz
ol-4-yl)propanoic
acid
C6H9N3O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoleucine 319-78-8 2-amino-3-methyl-pen
tanoic acid
C6H13NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Methionine 348-67-4 2-amino-4-methylsulf
anyl-butanoic acid
C5H11NO2S Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pantothenic acid 599-54-2 3-[(2,4-dihydroxy-3,
3-dimethyl-butanoyl)
amino]propanoic acid
C9H17NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Tryptophan 80206-30-0 2-amino-3-(1H-indol-
3-yl)propanoic acid
C11H12N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Valine 7004-03-7 2-amino-3-methyl-but
anoic acid
C5H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Amyrin palmitate 5973-06-8 [(3S,6aR,6bS,8aR,12a
S,14aS,14bS)-4,4,6a,
6b,8a,11,11,14b-octa
methyl-1,2 ,3,4a,5,
6,7,8,9,10,12,12a,14
,14a-tetradecahydrop
icen-3-yl]
hexadecanoa te
C46H80O2 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Amyrin palmitate Not Available [(3S,6aR,8aR,14bS)-4
,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,14
b-octamethyl-1,2,3,4
a,5,6,7,8, 9,10,12,
12a,14,14a-tetradeca
hydropicen-3-yl]
hexadecanoate
C46H80O2 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Campesterol 474-62-4 17-(5,6-dimethylhept
an-2-yl)-10,13-dimet
hyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,1
2,14,15,16 ,17-dode
cahydro-1H-cyclopent
a[a]phenanthren-3-ol
C28H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Lysine 923-27-3 2,6-diaminohexanoic
acid
C6H14N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To promote labour in childbirth and in treating headaches, kidney problems and mucous congestion (root bark); as a poultice to cuts, sore or swollen limbs etc in order to relieve pain and swelling (inner bark); to bruises, to cuts in order to stop the bleeding, for skin problems, wounds etc (leaves); for cholera and diarrhoea (dried fruit).

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