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Home » Plant infomation

Daemonorops draco  (Willd.) Blume

   

Botanical Name

:

Daemonorops draco (Willd.) Blume

English Name

:

Dragon's Blood, Dragon's blood palm, Sumatra dragon's blood.

Synonym(s)

:

Calamus draco Willd.

Family

:

Arecaceae

 

General Info

Description

A small palm, the trunk is erect, and resembles an elegant, slender palm tree, armed with innumerable dark-colored, flattened elastic spines, often disposed in oblique rows, with their bases united. The leaves are pinnate, their sheaths in petioles armed as above described; leaflets single, alternate, ensiform, margins remotely armed with stiff, slender bristles, as are also the ribs; 12 to 18 inches long and about 3/4 inch broad. The spadix of the female is hermaphrodite and inserted by means of a short, armed petiole on the mouth of the sheath opposite to the leaf, and is oblong and decompound, resembling a common oblong panicle. Spathes several, one to each of the 4 or 5 primary ramifications of the spadix, lanceolate and leathery; all smooth except the exterior or lower one, which is armed on the outside. Calyx turbinate, ribbed, mouth 3-toothed, by the swelling of the ovary split into 3 portions, and in this manner adhering, together with the corolla, to the ripe berries. Corolla 3-cleft; divisions ovate-lanceolate, twice as long as the calyx, and permanent. Filaments 6, very broad, and inserted into the base of the corolla. Anthers filiform, and seemingly abortive. Ovary oval; style short; stigmas 3-cleft; divisions revolute and glandular on the inside. The berry is round, pointed, and of the size of a cherry.

Herb Effects

Astringent, expectorant, sedative, tonic.

Links

King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Abietic acid, benzoic acid, cinnamic acid, dracorhodin, dracorubin, oleanolic acid (fruit)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Abietic acid 72452-62-1 (1R,4aS,4bR,10aS)-1,
4a-dimethyl-7-propan
-2-yl-2,3,4,4b,5,6,1
0,10a-octa hydrophe
nanthrene-1-carboxyl
ic acid
C20H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Benzoic acid 8013-63-6 benzoic acid C7H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Cinnamic acid 63938-16-9 3-phenylprop-2-enoic
acid
C9H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Dracorhodin 643-56-1 5-methoxy-6-methyl-2
-phenyl-chromen-7-on
e
C17H14O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Dracorubin Not Available Not Available C32H24O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
13,14b-tetradecahydr
opicene-4a-carboxyli
c acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a wash to promote healing and stop bleeding, for chest pains, post-partum bleeding, internal traumas, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and all kinds of gastric and abdominal pain due to blood stasis.

Reference

Jing-Nuan Wu. An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica. P: 248, Oxford University Press, Inc.2005.

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