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Home » Plant infomation

Artemisia annua  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Artemisia annua L.

English Name

:

Sweet wormwood

Family

:

Asteraceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual branched herb up to 150 cm tall with ribbed stem. Leaves are bipinnatifid or tripinnatifid, up to 12 cm long, with linear, 0.3-1 mm wide pectinately dentate segments and glabrous. Flowers are bright yellow in colour. Fruit is obovoid, 0.6-1 mm long and glabrous.

Herb Effects

As antiperiodic, antiseptic, digestive and febrifuge (leaves); antimalarial (plant)

Links


PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Arteannuin B, artemisic acid, beta-pinene, beta-selinene, beta-sitosterol, borneol, camphene, caryophyllene oxide, coumarin, delta-cadinene, deoxyartemisinin, menthol, methyl acetate, octacosanol, p-cymene, scopoletin, stigmasterol, terpinen-4-ol (plant); 1,8-Cineole, alpha-pinene, camphor, cuminaldehyde (leaves); artemisinin (flower)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Arteannuin B 50906-56-4 Not Available C15H20O3
Beta-pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-selinene 18423-23-9 4a-methyl-1-methylid
ene-7-prop-1-en-2-yl
-decalin
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Borneol 10385-78-1 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene oxide 32095-03-7 Not Available C15H24O Click Here To Enlarge
delta-Cadinene Not Available 1,6-dimethyl-4-propa
n-2-yl-2,3,4,4a,7,8-
hexahydronaphthalene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Deoxyartemisinin 72826-63-2 Not Available C15H22O4
Humulene 6753-98-6 2,6,6,9-tetramethylc
ycloundeca-1,4,8-tri
ene
C15H24
Menthol 2216-51-5 5-methyl-2-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexan-1-ol
C10H20O Click Here To Enlarge
Methyl acetate 79-20-9 methyl acetate C3H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Octacosanol 67905-27-5 Octacosan-1-ol C28H58O Click Here To Enlarge
p-Cymene Not Available Dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge
Scopoletin 92-61-5 2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
chromen-7-one
C10H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Terpinen-4-ol Not Available 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohex-3-en-1-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
1,8-Cineole 8024-53-1 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-ox
abicyclo[2.2.2]octan
e
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphor 8022-77-3 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Cuminaldehyde 122-03-2 4-propan-2-ylbenzald
ehyde
C10H12O Click Here To Enlarge
Artemisinin 91487-93-3 Not Available C15H22O5
Artemisic acid Not Available 2-(4,7-dimethyl-1,2,
3,4,4a,5,6,8a-octahy
dronaphthalen-1-yl)p
rop-2-enoi c acid
C15H22O2

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used as a cure for malaria, fever and hemorrhages (plant); to treat fevers, colds, diarrhoea etc and externally poulticed onto nose bleeds, boils and abscesses (infusion of leaves); to treat flatulence, dyspepsia, night sweats and tuberculosis (seeds); to treat jaundice and anorexia (plant); to treat boils and skin diseases (plants in the bud stage)

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