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Home » Plant infomation

Aquilaria crassna  Pierre ex Lecomte

   

Botanical Name

:

Aquilaria crassna Pierre ex Lecomte

English Name

:

Agar wood, eagle wood, aloes wood

Synonym(s)

:

Aquilaria agallocha auct., non Roxb.

Family

:

Thymelaeaceae

 

General Info

Description

A medium-sized evergreen tree growing to a height of 15-20m and a diameter at breast height of 40-50cm. Leaves alternate; petiole 4—5 mm long; blade elliptical-lanceolate, 8—12.5 cm x 3.5—5.5 cm, with swollen marginal vein. Flowers are yellow, fine-haired; pedicel up to 1 cm long; floral tube campanulate, about 4 mm long; calyx lobes 5, ovate, accrescent, 12—15 mm x 11—12 mm, with 10 small petaloid appendages; stamens 10 in two whorls; pistil with 1 mm long style and blackish, globose stigma. Fruits are flattened, suborbicular capsule, 3—4 cm x 3 cm, yellow-haired, opening with 2 valves. Seeds 1—2, glossy black.

Herb Effects

Stomachic, stimulant, aphrodisiac, tonic, diuretic and tranquillizer (wood)

Links

PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation
Earthnotes Herb Library

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Benzylacetone and p-methoxybenzylacetone (wood)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Benzylacetone Not Available 4-phenylbutan-2-one C10H12O
p-Methoxybenzylacetone Not Available 4-(4-methoxyphenyl)b
utan-2-one
C11H14O2

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In treating gastralgia, nausea, vomiting, anxiety, smallpox, rheumatism, in illnesses during and after childbirth, malaria and cholera (wood); for abdominal pain, asthma, cancer (used as a general tonic), colic, chest congestion, diarrhea, hiccups, nausea, nerves, and regurgitation (decoction of wood); for rheumatism (bark)

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