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Home » Plant infomation

Anisomeles malabarica  (L.) R. Br. ex Sims

   

Botanical Name

:

Anisomeles malabarica (L.) R. Br. ex Sims

English Name

:

Malabar catmint

Synonym(s)

:

Nepeta malabarica L., Epimeredi candicans (Benth.) Rothm.

Family

:

Lamiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A shrubby herb, 0.5—1.5 m tall, stems tetragonous, densely villous or woolly. Leaves are ovate to oblong, 3—8 cm x 1.5—3 cm, densely woolly beneath, sparsely hirsute above, hairs 4-celled, petiole 0.5—2.5 cm long, softly woolly. Inflorescence is a single terminal spike, calyx 8.5 mm x 6 mm, longest teeth 3—4 mm long, in fruit 8—10 mm long, teeth hairy inside, corolla up to 18 mm long, lower lip about 12 mm x 4 mm, lilac or pale blue, filaments almost at same level, about 8 mm long, style about 13 mm long. Nutlets are cylindrical, 1.3 mm x 0.9 mm.

Herb Effects

The whole plant, especially the leaves and the roots are used as astringent, carminative, febrifuge and tonic.

Links

PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation
Ethnobotanical Notes

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Anisomelic acid, betulinic acid, citral and ovatodiolide (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Anisomelic acid 59632-76-7 (4E,8Z,12Z)-4,12-dim
ethyl-17-methylidene
-16-oxo-15-oxabicycl
o[12.3.0]h eptadeca
-4,8,12-triene-8-car
boxylic acid
C20H26O4
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Citral 96680-15-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Ovatodiolide 3484-37-5 Not Available C20H24O4

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Given to children in fever during teeth formation (leaf juice); as an antidote against poison (root paste); applied externally over wounds (stem)

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