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Home » Plant infomation

Frangula purshiana  (DC.) J. G. Cooper

   

Botanical Name

:

Frangula purshiana (DC.) J. G. Cooper

English Name

:

Cascara buckthorn

Synonym(s)

:

Rhamnus purshianaNorthern Africa, most of Europe, the Caucasus, and into Siberia DC.

Family

:

Rhamnaceae

 

General Info

Description

A large shrub or small tree 5-10 m tall, with a trunk 20-50 cm in diameter. The bark is brownish to silver-grey with light splotching. The leaves are deciduous, alternate, clustered near the ends of twigs; they are oval, 5-15 cm long and 2-5 cm broad with a 0.6-2 cm petiole, dark shiny green on top, fuzzy and paler green below. The flowers are tiny, 4-5 mm diameter, with five greenish yellow petals; the flowering season is brief, disappearing by early summer. The fruit is a berry 6-10 mm diameter, bright red at first, quickly maturing deep purple or black, and containing three seeds.

Herb Effects

Antibacterial, antiherpetic, antileukemic, antispasmodic, depurative, diuretic, emetic, hepatotonic, laxative, peristaltic and prostaglandigenic.

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Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Aloe-emodin, ascorbic acid, barbaloin, beta-carotene, frangulin, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin (bark); aloin, chrysophanic acid, chrysophanol, linoleic acid, malic acid, myristic acid, tannic acid, tannin (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Aloe-emodin 481-72-1 1,8-dihydroxy-3-(hyd
roxymethyl)anthracen
e-9,10-dione
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Barbaloin 5133-19-7 (10R)-1,8-dihydroxy-
3-(hydroxymethyl)-10
-[(2S,3S,4R,5R,6R)-3
,4,5-trihy droxy-6-
(hydroxymethyl)oxan-
2-yl]-10H-anthracen-
9-one
C21H22O9 Click Here To Enlarge
beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Frangulin Not Available 1,8-dihydroxy-3-meth
yl-6-(3,4,5-trihydro
xy-6-methyl-oxan-2-y
l)oxy-anth racene-9
,10-dione
C21H20O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Aloin 20226-90-8 1,8-dihydroxy-3-(hyd
roxymethyl)-10-[3,4,
5-trihydroxy-6-(hydr
oxymethyl) oxan-2-y
l]-10H-anthracen-9-o
ne
C21H22O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Chrysophanic acid Not Available 1,8-dihydroxy-3-meth
yl-anthracene-9,10-d
ione
C15H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chrysophanol 481-74-3 1,8-dihydroxy-3-meth
yl-anthracene-9,10-d
ione
C15H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Myristic Acid Not Available Hexane C6H14 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannic acid 1401-55-4 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Very useful in cases of chronic constipation, digestive complaints, haemorrhoids, liver problems and jaundice.

Contraindication

Contraindicated for pregnant or lactating women or patients with intestinal obstruction.

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