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Home » Plant infomation

Saccharum officinarum  L.

   

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Botanical Name

:

Saccharum officinarum L.

English Name

:

Sugar Cane

Synonym(s)

:

Saccharum chinense Roxb., Saccharatum hybridum hort., Saccharum officinale Salisb., Saccharatum violaceum Tussac

Family

:

Poaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a perennial, tall and erect grass upto 6 to 8 m in height. Culms are more or less cylindrical, solid and jointed with distinct nodes and internodes. Leaves are alternate, distichous and lamina linear and long with a distinct midrib. Panicle is silky and spikelets are deciduous. The fruit is a caryopsis.

Herb Effects

Its roots are considered as cooling, demulcent and diuretic and the stems sweet, laxative, diuretic cooling and aphrodisiac.

Links

Saccharum officinarum

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, riboflavin, niacin.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The juice is drunk in jaundice and as a remedy for low blood pressure. This is also drunk or its gur with a little of dry ginger rubbed into it and taken to relieve hiccup. Besides it is administered for fistula.

Contraindication

Twenty to fifty percent of unrefined sugar added to oat produces skin swelling, weakness in the hind quarters, paralysis of the urinary bladder, weakness of the heart, and sometimes, death (Watt and Breyer-Brandwijk, 1962).

Reference

Sharma PV.Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Watt JM and Breyer-Brandwijk MG. 1962. The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa. 2nd ed. E.&S. Livingstone, Ltd., Edinburgh and London.

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