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Home » Plant infomation

Cajanus cajan  (Linn.) Millsp.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Millsp.

English Name

:

Pigeon Pea

Synonym(s)

:

Cajanus indicus Spreng.

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

An erect, annual or perennial hairy, suffruticose herb or shrub, 0.75 to 4.3 m in height. Leaves trifoliolate, leaflets oblong-lanceolate, entire, acute mucronate, sub-coriaceous; flowers yellow, or yellow veined with red or purple, in sparse distinctly peduncled, densely hairy, corymbose racemes, often forming a terminal panicle; pods 5.0 - 7.5cm x 0.6- 1.25 cm, finely downy, 3-7 seeded; seeds greyish brown, red or pale yellow, often with a small caruncle.

Herb Effects

Hypoglycemic (seed) and mouth antiseptic (leaf decoction); diuretic (seeds)

Links

Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
Tropical Plant Database
Tropical Forages
PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Cajanol (plant); cajanone (root); riboflavin and pyridoxine (seed); isoflavones, sitosterol, lupeol and alpha and beta-amyrin (root bark); ascorbic acid, beta-carotene (fruit); beta-sitosterol (leaf); genistein (root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Cajanol 61020-70-0 5-hydroxy-3-(4-hydro
xy-2-methoxy-phenyl)
-7-methoxy-chroman-4
-one
C17H16O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Cajanone Not Available Not Available C25H26O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Pyridoxine 58-56-0 4,5-bis(hydroxymethy
l)-2-methyl-pyridin-
3-ol
C8H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a -tetrade
cahydro-1H-picen-3-o
l
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Genistein 446-72-0 4,5-dihydroxy-3-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Mouth sores (leaf and flower); for anemia, hepatitis, diabetes, urinary infections, and yellow fever (leaves); for dysentery, and menstrual disorders, bronchitis, coughs, and pneumonia (flowers).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Amalraj T. Ignacimuthu S. Hypoglycemic activity of Cajanus cajan (seeds) in mice. Indian J Exp Biol 1998 Oct;36(10):1032-3.

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