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Home » Plant infomation

Theobroma cacao  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Theobroma cacao L.

English Name

:

Cocoa. Chocolate Tree

Family

:

Malvaceae

 

General Info

Description

The tree is handsome, 12 to 16 feet high; trunk about 5 feet long; wood light and white coloured; bark brown; leaves lanceolate, bright green, entire; flowers small reddish, almost odourless; fruit yellowy red, smooth; rind fleshcoloured; pulp white; when seeds are ripe they rattle in the capsule when shaken; each capsule contains about twenty-five seeds.

Herb Effects

Antiseptic, diuretic, ecbolic, emmenagogue and parasiticide

Links

Theobroma cacao L.
Botanical.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Acetic acid, alanine, arginine, caffeic acid, citric acid, coumarin, dopamine, epigallocatechine, ergosterol, esculetin, ferulic acid, formic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, lactic acid, oleic acid, oxalic acid, p-coumaric acid, p-hydroxy benzoic acid, palmitic acid, pantothenic acid, phenylalanine, protocatechuic acid, pyridoxine, salsolinol, syringic acid, tartaric acid, trigonelline, tyrosine, valeric acid, valine, vanillic acid (seed); ascorbic acid, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin (fruit, seed); beta-carotene, catechol, cyanidin, leucine, linoleic acid, luteolin, nicotinic acid, sinapic acid, stearic acid, stigmasterol, tyramine, vitexin (plant); beta-sitosterol, biotin (sprout seedling); chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, gentisic acid, glycolic acid, kaempferol, quercetin, quercitrin, rutin, rutoside (leaf); theobromine, theophylline (petiole, seed, testa)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Alanine 35597-43-4 2-[2-[2-amino-4-(hyd
roxy-methyl-phosphor
yl)-butanoyl]aminopr
opanoylami no]propa
noic acid
C11H22N3O6P Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Coumarin 60094-90-8 6-(1,2-dihydroxy-3-m
ethyl-but-3-enyl)-7-
methoxy-chromen-2-on
e
C15H16O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Dopamine 62-31-7 4-(2-aminoethyl)benz
ene-1,2-diol
C8H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Epigallocatechin 970-74-1 (2R,3R)-2-(3,4,5-tri
hydroxyphenyl)chroma
n-3,5,7-triol
C15H14O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Ergosterol 57-87-4 (3S,9R,10R,13S,14R,1
7R)-17-[(2S,5R)-5,6-
dimethylhept-3-en-2-
yl]-10,13- dimethyl
-2,3,4,9,11,12,14,15
,16,17-decahydro-1H-
cyclopenta[a]phenant
hr en-3-ol
C28H44O Click Here To Enlarge
Esculetin Not Available 2,6-dihydroxychromen
-7-one
C9H6O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Formic acid 992-98-3 formic acid CH2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamic acid Not Available 2-aminopentanedioic
acid
C5H9NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Histidine 6027-02-7 2-amino-3-(3H-imidaz
ol-4-yl)propanoic
acid
C6H9N3O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Hydroxybenzoic acid 99-96-7 4-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pantothenic acid 599-54-2 3-[(2,4-dihydroxy-3,
3-dimethyl-butanoyl)
amino]propanoic acid
C9H17NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pyridoxine 58-56-0 4,5-bis(hydroxymethy
l)-2-methyl-pyridin-
3-ol
C8H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Salsolinol 525-72-4 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tet
rahydroisoquinoline-
6,7-diol
C10H13NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Syringic acid 64887-60-1 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimeth
oxy-benzoic acid
C9H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Tartaric acid 526-83-0 2,3-dihydroxybutaned
ioic acid
C4H6O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Trigonelline 6138-40-5 1-methylpyridine-5-c
arboxylate
C7H7NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Valeric acid 70268-41-6 pentanoic acid C5H10O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Valine 7004-03-7 2-amino-3-methyl-but
anoic acid
C5H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillic acid Not Available 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzoic acid
C8H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Catechol 37349-32-9 benzene-1,2-diol C6H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Cyanidin 87725-42-6 [2-(3,4-dihydroxyphe
nyl)-3,7-dihydroxy-c
hromen-5-ylidene]oxo
nium
C15H11O6+ Click Here To Enlarge
Leucine 2439-37-4 2-dimethylamino-4-me
thyl-pentanoic acid
C8H17NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Nicotinic acid 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Sinapic acid 530-59-6 3-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dim
ethoxy-phenyl)prop-2
-enoic acid
C11H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Tyramine 60-19-5 4-(2-aminoethyl)phen
ol
C8H11NO Click Here To Enlarge
Vitexin 521-33-5 4,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-8-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-(hyd
roxymethyl )oxan-2-
yl]-chromen-5-one
C21H20O10 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Biotin 58073-87-3 5-(7-oxo-3-thia-6,8-
diazabicyclo[3.3.0]o
ct-2-yl)pentanoic
acid
C10H16N2O3S Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Epicatechin 490-46-0 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,5,7-tri
ol
C15H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Gentisic acid 4955-90-2 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycolic acid 79-14-1 2-hydroxyacetic acid C2H4O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercitrin 6151-25-3 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-oxa n-2-yl)o
xy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutoside 56764-99-9 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-5,7-dihydroxy-3-
[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,
4,5-trihyd roxy-6-[
[(2R,3R,4R,5S,6S)-3,
4,5-trihydroxy-6-met
hyl-oxan-2-yl]oxymet
hy l]oxan-2-yl]oxy-
chromen-4-one
C27H30O16 Click Here To Enlarge
Theobromine Not Available 3,7-dimethylpurine-2
,6-dione
C7H8N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Theophylline 75448-53-2 1,3-dimethyl-7H-puri
ne-2,6-dione
C7H8N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For alopecia, burns, cough, dry lips, eyes, fever, listlessness, malaria, nephrosis, parturition, pregnancy, rheumatism, snakebite and wounds.

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