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Home » Plant infomation

Agathosma betulina  (P. J. Bergius) Pillans

   

Botanical Name

:

Agathosma betulina (P. J. Bergius) Pillans

English Name

:

Bachu

Synonym(s)

:

Barosma betulina Bartl. and Wendl. f., Hartogia betulina Berg.

Family

:

Rutaceae

 

General Info

Description

Evergreen, multi-stemmed, perennial resprouting woody shrub to 1m in height, with glabrous yellow to red-brown stems; leaves alternate to opposite, 14-25 × 6-14mm, broadly elliptic to nearly round, with rounded and recurved apex; glabrous with prominent main and subsidiary veins on abaxial surface; gland dotted on underside; margin serrate with an oil gland at the base of each serration; flowers axillary, usually solitary, up to 20mm in diameter, white to pale purple-pink, borne on slender stalks ±7mm long.

Herb Effects

Antiseptic, aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive tonic, diuretic, kidney tonic, stimulant, tonic, urinary antiseptic, uterine stimulant.

Links

Traditional Medicines
Buchu
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

(+)-pulegone, 4-terpineol, alpha-pinene, alpha-terpinene, ascorbic acid, camphene, diosmin, diosphenol, gamma-terpinene, hesperidin, isopulegone, myrcene, niacin, pulegone, riboflavin, thiamin (leaf); dipentene, rutin (essential oil); quercetin (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
(+)-Pulegone 90449-51-7 5-methyl-2-propan-2-
ylidene-cyclohexan-1
-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
4-Terpineol 562-74-3 4-methyl-1-propan-2-
yl-cyclohex-3-en-1-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Terpinene 99-86-5 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Diosmin Not Available 5-hydroxy-2-(3-hydro
xy-4-methoxy-phenyl)
-7-[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)
-3,4,5-tri hydroxy-
6-[[(2R,3R,4R,5S,6S)
-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-oxan-2-yl]oxy
me thyl]oxan-2-yl]o
xy-chromen-4-one
C28H32O15 Click Here To Enlarge
Diosphenol Not Available 2-hydroxy-3-methyl-6
-propan-2-yl-cyclohe
x-2-en-1-one
C10H16O2 Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Terpinene 99-85-4 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,4-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Hesperidin 520-26-3 5-hydroxy-2-(3-hydro
xy-4-methoxy-phenyl)
-7-[3,4,5-trihydroxy
-6-[(3,4,5 -trihydr
oxy-6-methyl-oxan-2-
yl)oxymethyl]oxan-2-
yl]oxy-chroman-4-one
C28H34O15 Click Here To Enlarge
Isopulegone 29606-79-9 5-methyl-2-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexan-1-o
ne
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pulegone 3285-04-9 5-methyl-2-propan-2-
ylidene-cyclohexan-1
-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Dipentene 8050-32-6 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For kidney and urinary tract infections, colds, stomach ailments, rheumatism, gout and fever, as an antiseptic wash to infected wounds and as a compress to relieve swelling, bruising and sprains

Contraindication

Usage of this plants preparations during pregnancy and lactation is contraindicated.

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