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Home » Plant infomation

Adenostemma viscosum  J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.

   

Botanical Name

:

Adenostemma viscosum J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.

English Name

:

Dung weed

Synonym(s)

:

Adenostemma lavenia auct. non (L.) O. Kuntze

Family

:

Asteraceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual or sometimes perennial herb, 30—100 cm tall, often rooting at the lower nodes, sparsely branched, subglabrous to glandular pubescent. Leaves are opposite, upper ones alternate, simple, lanceolate-elliptical to oblong to broadly ovate, 4—20 cm x 3—12 cm, base rounded-cuneate, apex acute to obtuse, margins dentate to serrate; petiole of lower leaves up to 9 cm long, upper leaves subsessile; stipules absent. Inflorescence consisting of heads in a lax terminal paniculate corymb; peduncle 1—4 cm long, involucre campanulate or cup-shaped, 2-seriate, scales subequal, herbaceous, more or less connate at the base, often glandular, head 3—7 mm x 6—10 mm, about 30-flowered. Flowers all tubular; corolla 1.5—2 mm long, 4-lobed, on the outside with glandular hairs, white or violet; stamens 5; ovary inferior; style bifid, branches slender, long thickened at the top. Fruit is an achene, obovate-oblong, irregularly triangular, 2.5—4 mm x 1 mm, glandular when young, afterwards glabrous or warty, crowned with a pappus consisting of a few clavate setae, usually thickened at the top and glandular.

Herb Effects

As an antiscorbutic and antidiarrheic (stem and leaves)

Links

PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation

Chemistry

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Applied as a poultice for headache, ulcerations of the nose, and on the abdomen against diarrhoea (crushed stems and leaves); for treating palpitations, dysuria, toothache, aphthae and sore throats, and chewed against dysentery (leaves); rubbed on the skin to relieve itch and fever, and to treat infected sores (boiled leaves); to prevent infections after childbirth (leaf extract); to arrest baldness (lotion of leaves); used to poultice sun-burned skin and applied to boils and ulcers to ripen them (paste of leaves); to treat ear infections(fresh juice of plant); lung congestion, pneumonia, oedema and inflammation (whole plant); to treat sore eyes (bark); as a cure for stomach-ache (decoction of root).

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