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Home » Plant infomation

Lagenaria siceraria  (MOLINA) STANDLEY

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Lagenaria siceraria (MOLINA) STANDLEY

English Name

:

Bottle gourd, calabash gourd

Synonym(s)

:

Lagenaria vulgaris (Ser.), Cucurbita siceraria Molina, Lagnaria leucantha (Duchesne) Rusby, L.

Family

:

Cucurbitaceae

 

General Info

Description

A large, pubescent, climbing or trailing herb with stout, 5-angled stems and bifid tendrils. Leaves to 15 cm diameter, ovate or orbicular, base cordate, margins dentate, usually 5-lobed; petiole long, with 2 glands at its apex. Flowerslarge, white solitary, monoecious or dioecious, the male long and the female short-peduncled; calyx tube funnel-shaped, subcampanulate, teeth 5, narrow, petals 5, free, obovate, crumpled, hairy on both sides. Fruits of variable size and shape, but usually bottle-shaped, up to 1.8 m long, with a hard, durable, smooth shell. Seeds numerous, white, smooth, horizontally compressed with marginal groove.

Herb Effects

Antibiotic, antidote, diuretic, emetic, febrifuge, lithontripic, odontalgic, poultice, purgative, vermifuge.

Links

Lagenaria siceraria
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Arginine, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, choline, cucurbitacin B, cucurbitacin D, folacin, histidine, linoleic acid, lysine, methionine, niacin, oleic acid, palmitic acid, phenylalanine, riboflavin, stearic acid, thiamin, threonine, tryptophan, valine (fruit)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Cucurbitacin D Not Available 17-(1,5-dihydroxy-1,
5-dimethyl-2-oxo-hex
-3-enyl)-2,16-dihydr
oxy-4,4,9, 13,14-pe
ntamethyl-2,4,7,8,9,
10,12,13,14,15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
op enta[a]phenanthr
ene-3,11-dione
C30H44O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Cucurbitacin B Not Available [6-(2,16-dihydroxy-4
,4,9,13,14-pentameth
yl-3,11-dioxo-2,7,8,
10,12,15,1 6,17-oct
ahydro-1H-cyclopenta
[a]phenanthren-17-yl
)-6-hydroxy-2-methyl
-5 -oxo-hept-3-en-2
-yl] acetate
C32H46O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Folacin 6484-89-5 2-[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo
-1H-pteridin-6-yl)me
thylamino]benzoyl]am
inopentane dioic
acid
C19H19N7O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Histidine 6027-02-7 2-amino-3-(3H-imidaz
ol-4-yl)propanoic
acid
C6H9N3O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lysine 923-27-3 2,6-diaminohexanoic
acid
C6H14N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Methionine 348-67-4 2-amino-4-methylsulf
anyl-butanoic acid
C5H11NO2S Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 Octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Threonine 632-20-2 2-amino-3-hydroxy-bu
tanoic acid
C4H9NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Tryptophan 80206-30-0 2-amino-3-(1H-indol-
3-yl)propanoic acid
C11H12N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Valine 7004-03-7 2-amino-3-methyl-but
anoic acid
C5H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To treat headaches, aching teeth and gums, boils etc. It is also used for the treatment for diabetes mellitus.

Contraindication

Fruits and leaves in doses of 1-5g/kg/day can cause death in animals. Plant reduces ability of liver to synthesize protein, no interference with excretion of bilirubin. Kidney dysfunction and hemoconcentration also occurred.

Reference

Sharma PV. Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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